The British Library digitized this collection of 17th and 18th century newspapers and pamphlets originally gathered by the Reverend Charles Burney. Most were published in London but some English provincial, Irish, Scottish, and colonial newspapers are also included. The database allows you to search against the full text or browse the publications by their geographical location.
A digitized collection of approximately 20,000 English tracts/pamphlets addressing social, economic, legal, medical, political, and religious matters.
A large component of the collection is English government documents, including petitions and treatises addressed to both Houses of Parliament and the reigning monarch. Another component of the collection addresses economic issues such as public debt, taxation, commerce and trade, the East Indies, the South Seas Bubble and the Ship Tax. Some of the socially and politically minded publications deal with questions of slavery, liberty of the press, and accounts of trials. There are also a number of the pamphlets that speak to the foreign relations of England, the American rebellion, the union treaty, and the revolution in France.
The database is hosted by the University of Missouri Digital Library, and is available at Digital Library's main page, at the first link under "text collections."
Contains full runs of 48 newspapers specially selected by the British Library to best represent nineteenth century Britain. It includes national and regional newspapers published in England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales. There is an emphasis on newspapers that helped lead particular political or social movements such as Reform, Chartism, and Home Rule. The penny papers aimed at the working and clerical classes are also represented.
Comprised of distinct topic-specific collections of primary source documents from the 19th century. NCCO features: British Politics and Society; Asia and the West: Diplomacy and Cultural Exchange; European Literature, 1790 - 1840: The Corvey Collection; and British Theatre, Music, and Literature: High and Popular Culture.
Contains full text content and images from newspapers that were published in a variety of urban and rural areas throughout the U.S. during the 1800s.
Integrating over 60 subject indexes to books, articles, U.S. patents, and governmental publications, this is the largest index available for historical research prior to 1925. It includes Jones and Chipman's Index to Legal Periodical Literature 1786 - 1922.
Includes 600 titles from England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales selected for their influence in terms of content, circulation, editorial policy, contributors, and importance within their field. The collection focuses on periodicals that capture the industrial and social changes of the time period and includes women's periodicals as well as professional journals in the areas of science, trade, medicine, travel, humor, politics, and social reform. Colonial and missionary publications, originating both in Britain and the empire, are also included.
20th Century American Newspapers provides access to the issues of major U.S. newspapers published after 1922. Each series is cross-searchable via the integrated America's Historical Newspapers interface that allows users to easily view, magnify, print and save digital page images. Each title is also available individually as part of American Newspaper Archives.
This source contains the ABA/BNA Lawyers' Manual on Professional Conduct materials other than the Current Reports, which are linked in a separate entry.
ABA Ethics Opinions: full-text of Formal and Informal opinions
Model Rules and Standards: full text of American Bar Association standards, materials indicating how state ethics rules differ from ABA models, and text of other relevant codes
Practice Guides: includes Qualifications, Lawyer-Client Relationship, Fees, Client Funds and Property, Conflicts of Interest, Confidentiality, Trial Conduct, Obligations to Third Persons, Advertising and Solicitation, Types of Practice, Misconduct and Discipline, Regulation of Bar, and Malpractice
State Ethics Opinions: (full text)
Only members of the University of Iowa College of Law community may establish personal passwords to Bloomberg Law. Please see the Law Library's Computing and Technology guide tab for Bloomberg Law for more details.
Bi-weekly coverage of news and guidance on attorney conduct and legal ethics since February, 1998.
Only members of the University of Iowa College of Law community may establish personal passwords to Bloomberg Law. Please see the Law Library's Computing and Technology guide tab for Bloomberg Law for more details.
A searchable index of business periodicals covering advertising, marketing, economics, human resources, finance, tax, and more. Provides access to the full text content of many of these periodicals including coverage of the Wall Street Journal since 1984.
Includes bibliographic records covering essential areas related to social gerontology, including the psychology of aging, elder abuse, society and the elderly, and other key areas of relevance to the discipline. The index contains 70,000 records, which are carefully selected from the most important sources within the discipline, such as: Journals of Gerontology Series, American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, Experimental Gerontology, etc. EBSCO has digitized the full archive of this index, bringing coverage back to 1990.
This multidisciplinary database indexes 3500 periodicals and provides full text coverage for more than 2000. Covering virtually every area of academic study, Academic Search Elite offers full text information dating as far back as 1985.
Provides access to full text articles from the electronic editions of U.S. and international newspapers. Includes the New York Times, Chicago Tribune, and the Cedar Rapids Gazette.
The "Search Guide" link below is to a PowerPoint file produced by NewsBank, Inc.
A site devoted to primary source material in American history. Information archived is from leading historical periodicals and books, and includes eyewitness accounts of historical events, vivid descriptions of daily life, editorial observations, commerce as seen through advertisements, and genealogical records. Databases are encyclopedic in scope and allow full Boolean, group, name, string, and truncated searches. Transcribed individual entries are complete with full bibliographic citations and are organized chronologically. Titles will continue to be added covering important topics and time periods for scholars and students of all academic levels.
A collection of over 1,700 books of high quality in the humanities, accessible through institutional and individual subscription. These are works of major importance, from 250 publishers, that remain vital to both scholars and advanced students, and are frequently cited in the literature.
Features more than 170 wide-ranging periodicals by and about African Americans. Published in 26 states, the publications include academic and political journals, commercial magazines, institutional newsletters, organizations' bulletins, annual reports and other genres.
The African Law Library is an ongoing web initiative of the African Innovation Foundation. The African Law Library is offering legal resource collections organized by countries, institutions, and journals. It also provides access to African constitutions and topical areas of law such as business law, customary law, and trade law.
Access is available in the major African interlanguages of Arabic, English, French, and Portuguese, and is planned as well for indigenous African languages such as Igbo, Swahili, Yoruba, and Zulu. Selected access to legal resources is available from 2005 going forward. Country coverage includes all of Sub-Saharan Africa as well as the Maghreb region of northern Africa and Egypt and Northeast African (“Horn of Africa”).
More than 40 nineteenth- and twentieth-century African newspapers. Featuring titles from Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, South Africa, Uganda and Zimbabwe
Part of the Readex America's Historical Newspapers collection, African American Newspapers, 1827 - 1998 was created from the most extensive African American newspaper archives in the United States.
This collection spans nearly 400 years, from the early 16th to the early 20th century. These essential books, pamphlets and broadsides, including many lesser-known imprints, hold an unparalleled record of African American history, literature and culture.
Produced by the American Association of Retired Persons (AARP), AgeLine contains citations and abstracts to journal articles, books and chapters, research reports, dissertations, gray literature, and educational videos in the area of social gerontology, i.e. the study of aging in psychological, health-related, social, and economic contexts.
This product from the American Immigration Lawyers Association is an online immigration law library providing full text access to the Immigration and Nationality Act, relevant regulations from the Code of Federal Regulations and Federal Register, Board of Alien Labor Certification Appeals and Board of Immigration Appeals decisions, immigration related court cases, agency memos and minutes, forms, government manuals, and much more. It also provides full text access to AILA publications including AILA's Asylum Primer, Kurzban's Immigration Law Sourcebook, and Litigating Criminal Cases in Federal Court.
Indexes and provides full text access to articles from over 200 newspapers, magazines, and journals published by alternative and independent presses.
Coverage of U.S. and international news, business, lifestyle, entertainment, sports, and science and technology from 26 familiar magazines.
Provides access to Law Library Journal, AALL Spectrum, and other AALL publications.
America's Historical Imprints, users will see a variation of the following at the top of this integrated interface: America's Historical Imprints including Early American Imprints, Series I: Evans, 1639 - 1800; Early American Imprints, Series I: Supplement from the Library Company of Philadelphia, 1670 - 1800; and American Broadsides and Ephemera, Series I.
Explore manuscripts, artwork and rare printed books dating from the earliest contact with European settlers right up to photographs and newspapers from the mid-twentieth century. Browse through a wide range of rare and original documents from treaties, speeches and diaries, to historic maps and travel journals.
This collection comprises more than 700 unique titles related to American Indian law. Access a vast digital archive of treaties, federal statutes and regulations, federal case law, tribal codes, constitutions, and jurisprudence related to the law of American Indians. This collection also includes select legislative histories, scholarly articles, and other related works. Some notable titles include the Decisions of the Department of the Interior from 1883 to 1995 and the Opinions of the Solicitor of the Department of the Interior Relating to Indian Affairs from 1917 to 1974, and Felix S. Cohen's Handbook of Federal Indian Law. Also, available for the first time in digital format is Felix S. Cohen's Statutory Compilation of the Indian Law Survey. A Compendium of Federal Laws and Treaties Relating to Indians, Pts. 1 - 46 (1776 - 1938). This collection contains all of the resources that were included in HeinOnline's U.S. Department of the Interior Collection; the latter has been removed from the Electronic Resources list.
The American Indian Movement and Native American Radicalism includes FBI documentation on the evolution of AIM as an organization of social protest, as well as valuable documentation on the 1973 Wounded Knee standoff. Informant reports and materials collected by the Extremist Intelligence Section of the FBI provide insight into the motives, actions, and leadership of AIM and the development of Native American radicalism.
Consists of full runs of the Institute's annual reports, proceedings, annual meeting speeches, and the ALI Reporter newsletter. Also includes archival material from the Second Restatement of Torts, the Model Penal Code, and the Statement of Essential Human Rights.
Biographical dictionary of notable American men and women from all eras of American history who are no longer alive. Includes illustrations and links to other web resources.
This database contains periodicals published between 1740 and 1940, including special interest and general magazines, literary and professional journals, children's and women's magazines and many other historically-significant periodicals.
This searchable, digitized collection contains the legislative and executive documents of Congress from 1789 - 1838. These primary source materials provide insights into significant events in American history and are considered the precursor to the U.S. Congressional Serial Set.
Provides digitized documents from Medieval and Early Modern England, from the National Archives in London. Over 8.5 million frames of historical material are available, with documents dated from the reign of Richard I (1189) through that of Edward VII (1903). The database is hosted by The O'Quinn Law Library of the University of Houston Law Center.
The Antitrust & Trade Regulation Resource Center provides access to news, legal analysis, and practice tools, as well as full text access to statutes, regulations, and case law. This resource center features the Antitrust & Trade Regulation Report, providing analysis of federal, state, and international competition and deceptive trade practices law and the Antitrust & Trade Regulation Daily, providing current news and analysis on related legal issues.
In the century before the creation of the Supreme Court of the United States, the British Privy Council heard appeals from the 13 colonies that became the United States and from the other "American" colonies in Canada and the Caribbean. This catalogue focuses on all currently known colonial cases appealed to the Privy Council from the future United States, a number totaling nearly one-third of the more than 800 heard from the Americas.
For the appeals from the 13 colonies, the catalogue provides links to original documents in England and the United States. Most significantly, the site includes images of surviving briefs filed in 54 of these appeals. Known as "printed cases," these briefs provide the "reasons" for the appeals.
The database and publications are hosted by The Ames Foundation of Harvard Law School, in partnership with Boston College Law School.
Archives Unbound presents topically-focused digital collections of historical documents that support the research and study needs of scholars and students at the college and university level. Covers a broad range of topics from the Middle Ages forward-from Witchcraft to World War II to twentieth-century political history. Collections are chosen for Archives Unbound based on requests from scholars, archivists, and students.
Armed Conflict Database (ACD), operated by the International Institute for Strategic Studies, monitors conflicts worldwide, with a focus on political, military, and humanitarian trends in local rebellions, long-term insurgencies, civil wars, and inter-state conflicts.
Weekly timelines, monthly updates, statistics, data, and reports in ACD date back to 1997. The compilation of statistics, which includes the status of conflicts, fatalities, and refugees, also contributes to the ACD Index, where annual conflict trends are highlighted. Users can generate reports, download data, and browse year-by year analyses and fact sheets. ACD also has a comprehensive historical background for each conflict.
Provides indexing of periodicals since 1984, abstracts since 1994, and selected full text access since 1997. Includes periodicals, yearbooks, and museum bulletins in English and other Western European languages covering a broad subject range.
Starting with Eighteenth Century Collections Online (ECCO) and Nineteenth Century Collections Online (NCCO), Gale will be incorporating the majority of their primary source collections into Artemis Primary Sources, enabling researchers to cross-search these collections and discover and analyze content in entirely new ways.
A multidisciplinary citation index to the journal literature of the arts and humanities, 1975 - present. Includes some full text. Part of the Web of Knowledge database.
Associated Press Collections Online is a publishing program focusing on making varied treasures of the Associated Press Corporate Archives, AP Images, and AP Archive available to libraries worldwide. Includes: News Features & Internal Communications, U.S. City Bureaus Collection, Washington, D.C. Bureau Collection.
Provides archival access to the Association of American Law Schools Directory of Law Teachers, Proceedings of the Annual Meeting, the Clinical Law Review, and the Journal of Legal Education.
Indexes articles and reviews published in Roman Catholic periodicals, Papal documents, church promulgations, and books about the Catholic faith that are authored by Catholics and/or produced by Catholic publishers. Coverage dates back to 1981.
Contains Religion Index One, an index to journal literature in religion since 1949; Religion Index Two, an index to multi-author works such as Festschriften, conference proceedings, and volumes of collected articles and essays since 1960; and the Index to Book Reviews in Religion. The ATLAS component provides access to the full text of selected journals indexed by the ATLA Religion Database.
The Bankruptcy Law Resource Center provides access to news, legal analysis, and practice tools, in addition to the U.S. Bankruptcy Code, related statutes, and Bankruptcy Rules. Access the Bankruptcy Law Reporter, providing in-depth coverage of developments in state and federal bankruptcy law, including analysis of proposed legislation, regulatory development, and court opinions. The featured Chapter 11 tracking tool permits researchers to monitor recent commercial bankruptcy filings, plan confirmations, asset sales, and emergencies.
Access national, state, and local bar association journals.
Basilica Online is a fully-searchable online edition of the 17 volumes of theBasilica text and its scholia, as edited between 1945 and 1988 by H.J. Scheltema, D. Holwerda, and N. van der Wal. The Basilica covers Byzantine law throughout the period of the Byzantine empire, and is a major source for Byzantine studies more broadly.
German-language database containing German laws, court decisions, and full-text German law reviews published by Beck and selected Nomos journals.
The Benefits Practice Resource Center provides access to analysis, news, and primary materials including judicial opinions, rulings, and memoranda on topics such as employee benefits, ERISA compliance and enforcement, and executive compensation. Also included are the Employee Benefits Law and the ERISA Compliance & Enforcement Strategy Guide.
The Bibliographie de civilisation médiévale has been established by the Centre d'Études Supérieures de Civilisation Médiévale (Université de Poitiers) and as companion to the index of articles in the International Medieval Bibliography Online, aims to provide a comprehensive, current bibliography of monographs worldwide and listings of miscellany volumes (conference proceedings, essay collections or Festschriften). Intitially the bibliography focuses on the Central Middle Ages, but the coverage will be expanded in stages to cover both the Early and Late Middle Ages. The Bibliographie de civilisation médiévale currently comprises 40,000 titles from 1958 to 2003, i.e. the whole of the relevant elements from the famous bibliography in the Cahiers de civilisation médiévale. Every reference has been classified by date, subject and location, and provides full bibliographical records.
Indexes books, journal articles, chapters in edited volumes, conference proceedings, anthologies, and Festschriften pertaining to East, Southeast, and South Asia. Focuses on western-language materials published since 1971.
Bibliography of British and Irish History provides bibliographic data on historical writing dealing with the British Isles, and with the British Empire and Commonwealth, during all periods for which written documentation is available - from 55BC to the present. It is the successor to the Royal Historical Society Bibliography of British and Irish History, available online from 2002 to 2009.
A finding aid for locating resources that discuss American law and American legal development since the beginning of American history through 1860, regardless of the language or place of publication. It also includes selected works on foreign, comparative and international law that were published in the United States. Includes more than 14,000 citations to a wide variety of information sources including treatises, commentaries, digests, lectures, biographies, administrative and legislative proceedings, legal manuals, and more. Available at Law Audiovisual CD-ROM 63; the Law Library also has the seven volume print version of this title at KF1 .C58 1998.
The BTL Online database provides electronic access to all editions of Latin texts published in the Bibliotheca Teubneriana, ranging from antiquity and late antiquity to medieval and neo-Latin texts. A total of approximately 13 million word forms are thus accessible electronically.
This collection searches a unique set of primary sources from African Americans actively involved in the movement to end slavery in the United States between 1830 and 1865.
This History Vault collection consists of 37 collections from the records of federal government agencies, including Department of Justice Classified Subject Files on Civil Rights, 1914 - 1949, New Deal Agencies, Records of the Tuskegee Airmen, President Truman's Committee on Civil Rights, records from the civil rights files of the Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon, Carter and Bush administrations, FBI files on Martin Luther King, Jr., the Black Panther Party and other civil rights organizations, and records of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights. The collection includes PDF images of correspondence, reports, photographs, telegrams, advertisements and pamphlets, among others. One may search by browsing the collections or browsing events, through a basic search or advanced search, or by person, subject, agency or organization within the search results. Results may be sorted by date or relevance and records may be e-mailed or included in a bibliography created through RefWorks or EndNote.
Black Studies Center combines three invaluable resources for research and teaching in Black Studies: Schomburg Studies on the Black Experience, International Index of Black Periodicals (IIBP), and The Chicago Defender. This fully cross-searchable gateway to Black Studies includes scholarly essays, recent periodicals, and historical newspaper articles.
Black Thought and Culture is a single source for the published works of numerous historically important black leaders. Along with well-known works, the collection features approximately 5,000 pages of unique, fugitive, and never-before-published materials. When complete, Black Thought and Culture will provide approximately 100,000 pages of monographs, essays, articles, speeches, and interviews written by leaders within the black community from the earliest times to 1975. Black teachers, artists, politicians, religious leaders, athletes, war veterans, entertainers, and other leaders form the mainstay of this corpus. The collection is intended for research in black studies, political science, American history, music, literature, and art.
The encyclopedia consists of over 1800 entries on all aspects of social organization. It is updated three times a year.
Bloomberg Law is a database of full-text United States primary law, secondary sources, and legal news and information across many topics and sources. The content is arranged by topic in Practice Centers and Intelligence Centers, and by practitioner tools, such as chart builders, tracking alerts, and other current awareness tools. It has a proprietary system for accessing and retrieving results, as well as its own citation system for indicating the precedential value of a document. It provides access to docket information at the federal and state court levels, and to news and business sources in law-related fields.
Only members of the University of Iowa College of Law community may establish personal passwords to Bloomberg Law. Please see the Law Library's Computing and Technology guide tab for Bloomberg Law for more details.
This database provides access to three publications of Bracton's long treatise, written in the early to mid-1200s, that describes the entirety of English law and has been described as "the crown and flower of English jurisprudence." The work is remarkable both for its wealth of detail and for its attempts to make sense out of English law largely in terms of the ius commune, the combination of Roman and canon law that was taught in the universities in Bracton’s time.
The database and publications are hosted by The Ames Foundation of Harvard Law School.
The portal to the University of Iowa's holdings of Brill databases and electronic collections. Full access is currently available for the following sources and titles:
- Foreign Law Guide (Reynolds and Flores)
- Handbook of WTO/GATT Dispute Settlement
- International Law & World Order: Weston's & Carlson's Basic Documents
- Brill's Encyclopedia of Hinduism
- New Pauly Online
- Jacoby Online
- Brill's Encyclopaedia of the Neo-Latin World
- Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World
- Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics
- Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics
- Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics
- Brokelmann Online
- Encyclopedia Islamica
- Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures
- History of Afghanistan
- Qurʾānic Studies Online
- Encyclopedia of Islam
Includes the Seventeenth-Eighteenth Century Burney Collection Newspapers and 19th Century British Library Newspapers, which together contain over 3 million pages of historic national and regional newspapers from the British Isles.
The Parliamentary Papers collection provides access to the House of Commons sessional papers from 1688 to the 2003/04 session. This collection features bills, house papers, and command papers with full-text searching and subject indexing.
Includes British Periodicals Collection I and British Periodicals Collection II. British Periodicals Collection I consists of more than 160 journals that comprise the UMI microfilm collection Early British Periodicals, the equivalent of 5,238 printed volumes containing approximately 3.1 million pages. Covers literature, philosophy, history, science, the fine arts and the social sciences. British Periodicals Collection II consist of more than 300 journals from the UMI microfilm collections English Literary Periodicals and British Periodicals in the Creative Arts together with additional titles, amounting to almost 3 million pages. Covers literature, music, art, drama, archaeology and architecture.
Provides full-text research reports from the Conference Board on the latest issues in business management and on United States and global economics, covering topics such as business outlook, leadership decisions, performance excellence, corporate governance, human resource management, productivity, economic indicators and analysis/forecasts of regional, national, and international economic conditions.
Indexes and abstracts scholarly business journals dating as far back as 1886. Full text coverage is available for many titles.
This unique historical reference compendium allows instant access to the renowned texts of the Cambridge Histories series. With access to the most up to date and authoritative scholarly content, Cambridge Histories Online is an invaluable resource, for undergraduates, graduates, lecturers and researchers alike.All the available volumes are grouped into topics, making it quick and easy to search and browse through an array of historical subject areas. The extensive bibliographic referencing and other leading functionality, enhances usability and makes this resource ideal for any type of historical research.
This collection contains the primary source for the official, bilingual series of published decisions of Canada's highest court, including more than 9,400 cases from 1876 - present.
This website contains information on the status of bilateral and multilateral treaties affecting Canada. The records provide particulars such as the date and place of signature; the dates of tabling in, or approval by, Parliament; the dates of ratification, accession, entry into force and termination; its relation to other treaty instruments; details of such implementing legislation as might be required; judicial interpretations; and references to published texts. In some instances, the record contains a link to the full text of the treaty.
Provides full text, electronic access to reported and unreported decisions from 2006 to the current year. Click on "sign in" to search by year, jurisdiction, adjudicator, or keywords. For older cases, consult the print version at KE4381.A45 C245.
Provides searchable, full text access to the Zimbabwe Law Reports from 1980-2000, Juta's Law Reports of Zimbabwe from 1996, Extracts from the South African Appellate Division Reports from 1910-1946, Extracts from the South African Law Reports from 1947-2007, and Extracts from the South African Criminal Law Reports from 1990-2007. To search the collection, use the "choose search form" drop down menu at the top of the screen. According to the Foreign Law Guide: Current Sources of Codes and Basic Legislation in Jurisdictions of the World, South African law reporters were and are sometimes the only source for case law from neighboring jurisdictions, including Zimbabwe (previously known as Southern Rhodesia and Rhodesia).
A finding tool for electronic and print publications from the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of the U.S. government. The records date from July 1976 to the present. Search for U.S. governmental publications by agency, title, subject, or keyword. Use the advanced search for more searching options. If the full text of a publication is available for free on the internet, the catalog will provide a link to it.
Provides full text access to accounting and auditing standards including those from the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB), American Institute of CPAs (AICPA), International Accounting Standards Board (IASB), and Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB) along with proposal stage literature and implementation guidance. It also provides full text access to Securities and Exchange Commission standards along with interpretations and explanations.
Provides access to full text primary and secondary materials in the areas of human resource management, payroll, pensions, benefits, employment law, OSHA, health care reimbursement, corporate governance, mergers & acquisitions, intellectual property, government contracts, antitrust and trade regulation, and transportation law. Also contains federal and state tax materials including codes, regulations, forms, IRS letter rulings, and current news. This new interface merges the resources formerly known as CCH Internet Research Network, CCH Business and Finance, and CCH Tax Research Network. In 2018, CCH Intelliconnect will be retired; it is being replaced by Wolters Kluwer’s Cheetah. (http://proxy.lib.uiowa.edu/login?url=http://wkcheetah.com)
The Royal Institute of International Affairs (Chatham House) was founded in 1920 following the Paris Peace Conference. The Chatham House Online Archive enables users to explore over ninety years of research, expert analysis, and commentary published in briefing papers, special reports, pamphlets, conference papers, and books. Among the subjects covered are international law; international economics, finance, and investment; international politics; and the United Nations and UN bodies.
A research tool that provides access to full text primary and secondary materials across many areas of law, including the following practice areas: antitrust & competition, banking & consumer finance, bankruptcy, employee benefits, energy & environment, government contracts, healthcare, human resources, intellectual property, labor & employment, life sciences, litigation, pension, products liability & insurance, securities & corporate law, and transportation. In addition, it contains federal and state tax materials including codes, regulations, forms, IRS letter rulings, and current news. Cheetah also includes analytical content and explanations; curated primary sources with history lines and notes; a variety of CCH and Aspen Publishers titles; practical tools, news, webinars, white papers, and blogs.
A comprehensive index for locating information published about Mexican-Americans from the 1960s to the present, with selected titles indexed back to the early 1900s. Since 1992, it has included resources on the broader Latino experience, including Puerto Ricans, Cuban Americans, and Central American immigrants.
Spanning three centuries (c1750 - 1929), this resource makes available extremely rare pamphlets from Cornell University Library’s Charles W. Wason Collection on East Asia. The resource is full-text searchable, allowing for the collection to be comprehensively explored and studied. In addition, China: Culture and Society features a host of secondary resources, including scholarly essays, an interactive chronology, mini guides, and editors’ choices from the collection.
This database covers journal articles published in China in almost all the subject areas of the Humanities and Arts.The U of Iowa subscribes to Series A (Physics/Astronomy/Mathematics), Series F (Literature/History/Philosophy), Series G (Politics/Military Affairs/Law), and Series H (Education and Social Sciences), including back files dating back to 1994. It is part of the electronic project of the CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure). The database provides full texts in CAJ and PDF formats.
Access national, provincial, county, and municipal level Chinese statistical data. Time coverage varies by the type of data but generally extends back to 1949.
Access English translations of Chinese guiding cases released by the Supreme People's Court of the People's Republic of China pursuant to the Court's November 2010 provisions on "guiding cases" (i.e., seminal cases). The People's courts at all levels are to refer to these cases for guidance as they try similar cases. The Supreme People's Court is currently drafting further guidelines. The CGCP is an initiative of Stanford Law School.
Chinese-language legal database integrating content officially sanctioned by the People's Republic of China. Offers the following legal information: Chinese laws/regulations (1949 - ) (includes laws, administrative rules/regulations, local rules/orders, court rules, and selected judicial interpretations); judicial decisions (1979 - ) in selected civil, criminal, administrative, and arbitral cases; and secondary sources (1994 - ), including law reviews and a huge selection of dissertations, theses, and conference proceedings.
This Chinese-language database contains the original (untranslated) versions of laws and regulations (including interpretations by the Supreme People's Court); judicial decisions of the Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate; and full-text articles from leading Chinese law and political science journals. The database also includes extensive coverage of legal developments in China; legislative background on select Chinese laws; the full-text versions of treaties to which China is a signatory nation; and examples of contractual agreements that comply with applicable Chinese law.
ChinaLawInfo is the companion (integrated) database to LawInfoChina, which provides English-language coverage to much of the same content as ChinaLawInfo.
Chinese Periodical Full-text Database (1911 - 1949) covers around 10,000,000 pieces of writing in over 20,000 different kinds of periodicals published between 1911 and 1949. As an important part of the historical archive, this database has significant academic and historical value.
The 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments were a landmark effort to reduce air pollution through a variety of instruments including the use of a market-based system of trade-able pollution "permits" under its Title IV and Title V. This Archives Unbound collection consists of essential documents on the promulgation and implementation of the Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) of 1990 and other environmental issues including endangered species and protection of American wetlands.
This comprehensive collection of climate change and law documents contains original source, non-edited and non-redacted “grey literature” (non-peer reviewed) in English, centered on climate change and the law. Incorporated in the category of ‘law’ is any discipline of law which addressed climate change, including corporate law, environmental law and human rights law. Materials in the collection originate from a wide range of organizations in the public and private sector, institutions, and/or individuals, world-wide.
Provides access to digitized images of the CFR from 1938 through the present, including supplements.
Provides English language translations of commercial codes, financial regulations, and business laws from countries around the world. This resource is available through the Checkpoint RIA interface; click on "Table of Contents" and choose "International Tax Library."
Competition Policy International (CPI) is a comprehensive source of commentary and analysis on antitrust and global competition policy. The CPI interface includes news articles and columns, dating back to 2008, along with the two core CPI publications: CPI Journal and The Antitrust Chronicle, both of which are archived back to 2006.
CPI also include the CPI Learning Center, which offers courses, seminars, and pertinent reading material to the global competition policy community. Currently, courses are available on statistics, economics, econometrics, two-sided enterprises, collusion, and network organizations. The CPI Learning Center also provides access to CPI's Briefing Room, which include videos, outlines, and other readings that reflect the work of international antitrust experts.
A selected collection of documents related to the purpose, organization, structure, and legislative history of the federal courts and judiciary in the United States. This collection includes William H. Manz's Congress and the Courts: A Legislative History 1787 - 2010. It also includes Federal Judicial Center Publications, scholarly articles, and other related works.
This website from the U.S. Library of Congress permits researchers to browse or search for full text access to bills, public laws, roll call votes, the Congressional Record, session calendars, timelines of legislative action on a bill, and committee reports. The information on the site is interlinked, so by pulling up information on a public law you can link directly into all the bill versions, reports, and other resources that relate to that law.
This collection within ProQuest Congressional includes all House and Senate Committee Hearing Transcripts, officially published by the U.S. Government Publishing Office (GPO), for 1824 - 2017. Also included are hearing transcripts unofficially published by third parties, for 1973 - 1982 for the U.S. House of Representatives and 1985 - 1992 for the U.S. Senate.
Official hearing transcripts, published by the GPO, usually include written and oral statements of witnesses; transcripts of the verbal question-and-answer session between committee members and witnesses; reports, exhibits, and other materials submitted for the record by witnesses; and correspondence and other materials submitted by interested parties.
Congressional committee hearings may be classified into four types: legislative, oversight, investigative, and confirmation.
This module within ProQuest Congressional contains the bound (permanent) edition of the Congressional Record, in PDF, for 1873 - 2009, and the daily edition of the Congressional Record, in HTML, for 2006 - present. Also included are the bound editions, in PDF, of the Record's three predecessors publications, the Annals of Congress (1789 - 1824), the Register of Debates (1824 - 1837), and the Congressional Globe (1833 - 1873).
These publications contain the substantially verbatim debates. proceedings, and other activities of the U.S. House of Representative and the U.S. Senate.
This collection within ProQuest Congressional holds Congressional Research Service (CRS) Reports (1916 - 2016) and Committee Prints (1830 - 2016), which are prepared for Congressional member offices and committees.
CRS Reports often reflect extensive original research, on a variety of subjects, conducted at the request of a member or committee. Many CRS Reports also detail Congressional rules and procedure, such as how the budget process works, how legislation may be introduced, and how committee hearings may be conducted.
Committee Prints are often working studies or compilations of articles that help in the formulation of legislation.
Constitute offers free access to the text of constitutions from around the world, and allows users to compare the constitutions across a broad set of topics, such as culture and identity; elections; executive, judicial, and legislative structures; principles and symbols; regulation and oversight; and rights and duties.
The database was developed by the authors of the Comparative Constitutions Project at the University of Texas at Austin.
The Resource Center is organized into five topical and practice areas—Corporate Compliance, Corporate Governance, Corporate Legal Departments, Financial Reporting, and Forms of Business. The Resource Center includes the following types of information and features:
Provides digitized images of the Corpus, which is a principal source of the modern codifications of Continental Europe and of all those countries that have laws derived from those of Continental Europe. The text of the Corpus is largely in Latin.
The Corpus is comprised of four distinct works: (1) the Digest (533), a collection in fifty books of excerpts from the writings of the classical jurists dating from the late Roman Republic to the beginning of the third century A.D.; (2) the Institutes (533), an elementary textbook based in large part on the work of the same name by the second-century jurist, Gaius; (3) the Code (534), a collection in twelve books of excerpts from the constitutions (roughly, legislative pronouncements) of the Roman emperors dating back to Hadrian (r. 117–138); and (4) the Novels (c. 565), an unofficial collection of Justinian’s constitutions that date from after 534 and were not officially collected during his lifetime.
The database is hosted by The Ames Foundation of Harvard Law School.
CQ Press Library provides independent non-partisan analysis and coverage of selected topics for research in American government, politics, history, public policy, and current affairs. Researchers can access nineteen research modules on a single platform, including access to CQ Researcher, CQ Global Researcher, and CQ Weekly, and five subject-specific reference databases: CQ Press Congress Collection, CQ Press Supreme Court Collection, CQ Press Public Affairs Collection, CQ Press Voting and Elections Collection, and CQ Press Encyclopedia of American Government. CQEL also features digital editions of essential reference books: CQ Almanac, Congress and the Nation, Political Handbook of the World, Supreme Court Yearbook, Washington Information Directory, and several other reference books.
Crime, Punishment, and Popular Culture, 1790-1920 is an archive comprising more than 2 million pages. It contains manuscripts, books, broadsheets, and periodicals, some of the printed matter very scarce. The archive unites a number of geographic areas, reflecting the widespread impact of the changes in crime and its policing during the long nineteenth century. The collection covers Europe, North America, India, and the Antipodes and includes material in English, Spanish, French, Italian, and German. Using this archive, it is possible to trace the influence of a legal judgement or development of a penal methodology through various different jurisdictions. The archive also unites a number of disciplines, from law, criminology, and history to studies of popular culture and fiction.
An index to British cases and other legal materials including: Current Law Cases, a case digest with coverage back to 1947; Law Journals Index with coverage back to 1986; Financial Journal Index with coverage back to 1992; Legal and Regulatory Developments Index with coverage back to 1994; Case citator with coverage back to 1947; and Legislation citator with coverage back to 1989. Available at Law Audiovisual CD-ROM 8.
Dalloz is a French-language legal database offering access to 33 annotated French codes, numerous French secondary treatise resources, and selected French legal journals. The codes-loi include: Code Civil; Code de Procedure Civile; Code Penal; Code de Procedure Penale; Code de Commerce; Code de Travail; and Code de la Proprite Intellectuelle. This database has restricted access. See a Reference Librarian for Login and Password.
Access more than 14 billion current and historical data points from licensed and public domain datasets. Data can be output into a variety of file formats, including PDF, xls (excel), delimited text, and xml, to create maps, graphs, and charts. The subscription also includes access to the following premium datasets: China Data Center, Easy Analytic Software Inc., and International Monetary Fund.
The database will continue to grow gradually and will comprise three kinds of dictionaries: dictionaries to assist translation from Latin into modern languages, dictionaries providing semantic and etymological explanations in Latin of Latin words historical Latin dictionaries. The aim of the database is not only to integrate different types of Latin dictionaries, whether modern, medieval or early-modern, but also to build in links between these different tools.
The Database of the Constitutions of Sub-Saharan Africa offers constitutional documents for 52 Sub-Saharan countries since their independence. The collection contains constitutions, as well as amendments and constitutional bills. The documents are provided in their original language, and, if available, in their English translation.
DNSA contains the most comprehensive collection of primary documents available. The database includes more than 80,000 of the most important declassified documents regarding critical U.S. policy decisions.
This collection within ProQuest Congressional contains all versions of House and Senate bills and resolutions (introduced, referred to committee, reported, engrossed, enrolled, etc.) from the 1st Congress (1789 - 1791) through the current 114th Congress (2015 - 2017).
Each bill and resolution has a profile that, depending on its status or final disposition, may include a Congressional Research Service (CRS) bill digest, a list of assigned committees, a list of sponsors, details on floor votes, related CRS Reports, and links and citations to corresponding public laws as published in the U.S. Statutes at Large.
With an interface in English and Spanish, Digitalia Hispanica contains thousands of ebooks from many renowned Spanish and Latin American publishers, as well as relevant journals that cover many topics.
Included are ebooks in political science and law; history; language and linguistics; philosophy, psychology, and religion; science, technology, and medicine; and the social sciences.
In the Digitalia Hispanica interface, all titles may be viewed in PDF and HTML5 and listened to in Spanish-language audio. Many titles may also be downloaded in PDF for a 20-day loan period.
Disability in the Modern World is a developing collection that will ultimately include 150,000 pages of primary sources, supporting materials, and archives, along with 125 hours of video. The database not only focuses on the growing disciplines of disability history and disability studies, but also on history, media, the arts, political science, education, and other areas where the contributions of the disability community are typically overlooked.
The key disciplines inside Disability in the Modern World are:
- Independence, Education, and Accessibility
- Advocacy and Rights
- Legislation and Politics
- The Media
- Arts, Sport, and Culture
- Race, Class, Sexuality, and Gender
- War, Industry, and Technology
Indexes U.S. doctoral dissertations and master's theses from 1861 to the present. The database provides full text access to most of the dissertations added since 1997 and strong retrospective full text coverage for older works. To obtain dissertations from other institutions, please consult the Interlibrary Loan Department.
Provides full text access to dissertations from Big Ten Academic Alliance institutions, formerly known as the Committee on Institutional Cooperation (CIC), starting with 1997. The institutions included in the collection are the University of Iowa, University of Chicago, University of Illinois, Indiana University, University of Michigan, Michigan State University, University of Minnesota, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Northwestern University, Ohio State University, Pennsylvania State University, Purdue University, and University of Wisconsin-Madison.
Law students and faculty may obtain earlier dissertations from other institutions through Interlibrary Loan.
This historical collection provides full-text searching of federal and state case law from the 1800s. The 30 volume set Federal Cases Comprising Cases Argued and Determined in the Circuit and District Courts of the United States from the Earliest Times to the Beginning of the Federal Reporter, Arranged Alphabetically by the Titles of the Cases, and Numbered Consecutively is fully searchable and indexed, as well as Abbott's National Digest: A Digest of the Reports of the United States Courts. Historical state case reporters include: American Decisions, American Reports, and American State Reports providing coverage from 1760 through 1911, and several more.
This collection of full text materials covers every aspect of life in 17th- and 18th-century America including agriculture, auctions, foreign affairs, literature, music, religion, temperance, and witchcraft.
Contains digitized versions of virtually every work printed in England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales and British North America, as well as works in English printed elsewhere, from 1473-1700. It includes most of the titles listed in Pollard & Redgrave's Short-Title Catalogue, 1475-1640 and Wing's Short-Title Catalogue, 1641-1700.
A diverse array of printed sources from early modern Europe. Upon completion, this collection will include all material printed in Europe or European languages from 1455 to 1700. The materials for the three initial collections are part of library collections in Denmark, Italy, the Netherlands, and England. This collection builds on and complements Early English Books Online (EEBO).
Access current data and future projections about consumer demographics and usage and spending patterns for products and services within every U.S. state, county, census tract, and block group.
This product is available through the Checkpoint RIA interface. Upon entering Checkpoint, you can search the EBIA materials by selecting "All Practice Areas" from the Practice Area menu in the upper left. You can browse the EBIA materials by selecting the "Table of Contents" link in the upper right corner, then exploring the titles under the heading "Pension and Benefits Library." The library provides in-depth analysis of legal issues relating to health care reform, privacy, insurance, and related topics. It also provides full text access to excerpts of Congressional Committee Reports that relate to health care and insurance, sample documents and forms, and the publication EBIA Weekly dating back to the year 2000.
A collection of databases including the ATLA Religion Database, ERIC, EconLit, and others that provide indexing and full text access to scholarly journals in the social sciences, humanities, general science, multicultural studies, education, and more.
A comprehensive digital edition of The Eighteenth Century microfilm set, which has aimed to include every significant English-language and foreign-language title printed in the United Kingdom, along with thousands of important works from the Americas, between 1701 and 1800. Consists of over 180,000 titles of books, pamphlets, broadsides, ephemera. Subject categories include history and geography; fine arts and social sciences; medicine, science, and technology; literature and language; religion and philosophy; law; general reference. Also included are significant collections of women writers of the eighteenth century, collections on the French Revolution, and numerous eighteenth-century editions of the works of Shakespeare. Where they add scholarly value or contain important differences, multiple editions of each individual work are offered.
Contains a complete searchable copy of every issue of The Economist from the magazine's inception in 1843 through 2006. The archive includes full-color images, exportable financial tables, and a gallery of front covers.
The eDiscovery Resource Center is organized by major area of law and policy: preservation, search and retrieval, production, costs, privilege, and sanctions. Each area includes eDiscovery case law, related ethics opinions, federal and state rules of civil procedure and evidence, legal analysis, and practice tools. This resource center features Digital Discovery & e-Evidence, providing coverage and analysis on federal, state, and international electronic discovery laws, policy developments, legislative and regulatory developments, and court and administrative law decisions. Also access the eDiscovery state court rules interactive map.
From the first book published in English through the age of Spenser and Shakespeare this collection contains over 100,000 titles listed in Pollard and Redgrave's Short-Title Catalogue (1475 - 1640) and Wing's Short-Title Catalogue (1641 - 1700) and Thomason Tracts and their revised edition.
Searchable text-based version of the page images available in EEBO: Early English Books Online, an online corpus of the titles published between 1475 and 1700 listed in Pollard and Redgrave, Wing, and the Thomason Tracts catalogs. The marked-up text provides full keyword searching, allowing scholars to pinpoint even minute references to their subjects as they appeared in a wide variety of early modern works. The search interface also allows scholars to uncover repeated word patterns across texts that ten years ago were only available in archives or on microfilm. Links from this text version to the page images are planned.
Contains digitized versions of English and foreign-language books published in Great Britain and the Americas between 1701 and 1800.
Portal to newspapers and periodicals c1685 - 1815 offers integrated access to the Hope Collection at the Bodleian Library, Oxford (Eighteenth Century Journals I), the Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center University of Texas (Eighteenth Century Journals II) and the British Newspaper Library at Colindale, London and the Cambridge University Library (Eighteenth Century Journals III) and Chetham's Library, Manchester and Brotherton Library, University of Leeds (Eighteenth Century Journals IV). It brings together rare journals printed between c1685 and 1815, illuminating all aspects of eighteenth-century social, political and literary life. Topics include: the writings of Sir Isaac Newton; the French and American Revolutions; colonial life, provincial and rural affairs, reviews of literature, the theater, and fashion throughout Europe; the origins and rise of Romanticism; political debates; gender, religion, influence of the press, and coffee house gossip and discussion.
A full text collection of journals published since 1995 in a variety of disciplines including biochemistry, business, earth sciences, economics, engineering, computer science, and social sciences.
Includes articles about distinguished Muslims, tribes and dynasties, crafts and sciences, political and religious institutions, geography, ethnography, history, topography, and monuments. Its geographical and historical scope encompasses the old Arabo-Islamic empire, the Islamic countries of Iran, Central Asia, the Indian sub-continent and Indonesia, the Ottoman Empire, and all modern Islamic states.
Comprising over 500 entries on the essential topics and informed by the latest theory and research, this innovative reference resource offers a state-of-the-art survey of the fields of criminology and criminal justice. It combines this breadth of coverage with the authority and international perspective of an experienced editorial team, creating a definitive reference resource for students, scholars, and professionals.
Contains all 176 volumes of the English Reports, Full Reprint along with its Index of Cases and Index Chart. This collection encompasses the decisions of the English Courts prior to the commencement of the Law Reports in 1865.
The English Short Title Catalogue (ESTC) covers monograph and serial letterpress items:
- Printed before 1801.
- Printed in the British Isles, Colonial America, United States of America (1776-1800), Canada, or territories governed by Britain, in all languages.
- Printed in any other part of the world, wholly or partly in English or other British vernaculars.
- With false imprints claiming publication in Britain or its territories, in any language
Also see Early English Books Online.
The Environment & Safety Resource Center is a comprehensive source for environment, health and safety news, analysis, developments, federal and state statutes, regulations, court opinions and agency decisions. Researchers can access all Bloomberg BNA environment and safety daily and weekly reports from the resource center, including the Daily Environment Report, providing coverage and analysis on legislative and regulatory developments, court and agency decisions, compliance and policy issues, and international standards.
Covers environmental, natural resources, toxic tort, energy, health/safety, and land use law. Contains original source documents (including federal and state laws, regulations, and decisions), editorial summaries, and expert analysis on state, federal, and international issues.
ERIC indexes journal articles, research reports, curriculum and teaching guides, conference papers, and books on education-related topics published since 1966.
Provides bibliographic information about journal articles and documents relating to education. It also provides full text access to a growing collection of these publications.
Indexes and provides full text access to articles in more than 315 newspapers, magazines, and journals of the ethnic and minority press dating back to 1990.
An open-source database sponsored by the European Union covering European legislation, case law, regulations, directives and treaties.
EUR-Lex provides access to current and pending European Union legislation. Access is also available to the European Union's Official Journal, which contains both legislation and judicial decisions. EUR-Lex provides links to EU treaties, including the EU's constituent treaties that are considered a part of the EU's "constitutional law." There are also practitioner aids, such as: Summaries of EU Legislation; a research guide on The ABC of European Union Law; and a guide to all document types available on EUR-Lex.
Key features: "Complete coverage of Church prelates obedient to Rome to 1503 from C. Eubel, Hierarchia catholica medii aevi... ab anno 1198 [Munster, 1898ff] and P.B. Gams, Series episcoporum ecclesiae catholicae, vol. 1 [Regensburg, 1873]) For the first time 'Eubel' and 'Gams' available online Information on all 1300 medieval bishoprics, archdioceses and patriarchates of the early, patristic and medieval Church obedient to Rome Prosopographical information on 18,507 bishops, archbishops and patriarchs for the period 1198-1503; and all those cited by Gams for the period to 1198 . . . - - Database information page.
Allows access to the full text of ECMI reports, working papers, and the Journal on Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues in Europe.
Portal provides access to primary and secondary legal information for the European Union and its member states.
This module within ProQuest Congressional contains all documents, in searchable PDF, issued by federal government departments and agencies, that were included in the authoritative 1909 Checklist but not included in the U.S. Congressional Serial Set; and continues with hundreds of thousands of like documents, up through 1945. The topics of the documents include business and industry, foreign trade, navigation, immigration and population, health, causes of death, religious affiliations, military operations, and weather conditions.
This module within ProQuest Congressional is the one dedicated collection of executive orders and presidential proclamations in PDF. Over 79,000 numbered and unnumbered orders and proclamations are included, with thousands of the documents dating prior to 1936, when orders and proclamations were first published officially (in the Federal Register). The current coverage for the module is complete for 1789 - 1983 and selective for 1984 - 2014.
Contains a wide variety of business and economic information including news, stock market quotes, industry reports, market research profiles, and financial data.
Indexes and summarizes journal articles that focus on family studies topics including marriage, divorce, family therapy, child development, delinquency, and more.
Fastcase provides comprehensive access to United States federal and state primary law, which includes cases, statutes, regulations, court rules, and constitutions. Also access a newspaper archive, legal forms, and federal court filings.
Federal History is a peer-reviewed, open-access journal published annually online and in print by the Society for History in the Federal Government in Washington, DC. The journal promotes scholarship on all aspects of the history and operations of the federal government, and of critical historical interactions between American society and the U.S. government, including the U.S. military, 1776 to the present.
Consists of the digitized Federal Register since 1936, the Federal Register Indexes since 1939, and the CFR's Lists/Compilations of Sections Affected dating back to 1949.
Provides researchers with a centralized portal for searching and browsing federal statistics generated by over 100 federal agencies on a diverse range of topics.
Searchable index of over 2,000 of the most significant multilateral and selected bilateral treaties concluded between 1353 to the present.
This collection provides access to international yearbooks and periodicals, law digests, and decisions from international tribunals.
Provides English translations of intercepted radio broadcasts from foreign governments, official news services, and clandestine broadcasts from occupied territories that provide a local perspective on historical events. This searchable, full text collection of FBIS Daily Reports published between 1974 and 1996 is comprised of eight parts: Part 1: Middle East, Africa, Near East and South Asia; Part 2: Sub-Saharan Africa & South Asia; Part 3: China; Part 4: Asia, Pacific and East Asia; Part 5: Latin America; Part 6: Eastern Europe; Part 7: Soviet Union and Central Eurasia; and Part 8: Western Europe.
Often referred to as Reynolds and Flores, this online service provides citations to official sources of foreign laws and alerts researchers to English translations of foreign codes, laws, and other relevant materials. Selected references to secondary resources published in English are also included.
This series is the official documentary history of U.S. foreign policy. This digital collection from the University of Wisconsin contains an incomplete run of the FRUS from 1861 to 1960. Additional volumes are available through the Department of State website or HeinOnline.
This is the official historical record of major U.S. foreign policy decisions and significant diplomatic activity. The series began in 1861 during the Lincoln administration and Hein's full-text coverage currently extends through 1976.
A multilingual resource covering international scholarly literature in the humanities and social sciences. Covers articles, books, and other documents published since 1984. Citation descriptions appear in both English and French while most abstracts are in English.
Gale NewsVault delivers the definitive cross-searching experience for exploring Gale's range of historical newspaper and collections. Users can simultaneously search or browse across multiple products owned by their institution, including: 17th and 18th Century Burney Collection Newspapers; 19th Century British Library Newspapers, Parts I and II; 19th Century UK Periodicals, Series I: New Readerships; 19th Century UK Periodicals, Series II: Empire; 19th Century U.S. Newspapers; Financial Times Historical Archive 1888 - 2006; Illustrated London News Historical Archive 1842 - 2003; Times Digital Archive 1785 - 1985; and Times Literary Supplement Historical Archive 1902 - 2005.
Digital Library of the Bibliotheque Nationale de France.
A web portal of the GBV Common Library Network of the German States Bremen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Schleswig-Holstein, Thüringen and the Foundation of Prussian Cultural Heritage.
Contains all of the journals published by the Gerontological Society of America. Full text coverage is available from 1996-present; citations are available prior to 1996.
Global Arbitration Review (GAR) is a leading independent resource on international arbitration news and community intelligence. GAR includes news on legal and policy developments and changes to legislation, as well as surveys, league tables, and country profiles on arbitration.
Included are detailed annual reviews on arbitration activities in the Americas, the Asia-Pacific region, Europe, the Middle East, and Africa, as well as the GAR 100, which is a guide to the international arbitration capabilities of 100 leading law firms worldwide. GAR also interviews high-profile practitioners and reports live from arbitration community events across the globe.
The subscription includes eight years worth of reported content from the GAR archive.
Access to Supreme Court decisions for 129 countries or information on how to find the decisions. There is a complete country index and region index.
The Global Health and Human Rights Database is a partnership between Lawyers Collective (an Indian human rights NGO) and the O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law at Georgetown University. The database makes accessible health and human rights related court judgments by topics, such as: health, regions, international bodies, human rights, country, and regional bodies. A separate National Constitutions sub-database gives constitutional drafting and effective dates, and offers constitutional human rights excerpts, as well as full download capabilities. A similarly equipped International and Regional Instruments sub-database is available as well.
Information and articles focused on international and foreign law research. The guides and articles published are written by scholars well known in their respective fields.
Provides full text access to the Government Gazettes from 1994 to the present. Search for regulations, proclamations, and notices by date, gazette number, or keywords.
govinfo provides free public access to official publications from all three branches of the Federal Government. It contains final, published versions of official Federal publications, official versions of bills, laws, and regulations, directories of Congressional members and Federal Government officials, the Plum Book – a listing of policy and supporting positions in the Federal Government, the official Federal Register publication, U.S. Supreme Court decisions issued between 1937 and 1975, containing 7,407 Decisions from volumes 300 through 422 of U.S. Reports, and legislation and regulations regarding genealogy. Years available for each collection are indicated on the Browse A to Z list and on each collection's help page. Many collections cover years from approximately 1994 (103rd Congress) forward.
This collection consists of the full-text of 267 printed works by and on the great Dutch humanist and jurist Hugo Grotius (1583-1645), published between 1609-1941, that are all kept at the Peace Palace Library in The Hague. It covers a wide range of disciplines including law, jurisprudence, diplomacy, philosophy, history, and theology. The collection contains titles in the following languages: Dutch 88 titles, English 19 titles, German 3 titles, Latin 108 titles, Polish 1 title, Spanish 1 title, and various languages 1 title.
This bibliography on Latin America has been published since 1936. Scholars select the materials to be included and author the annotations. Annual coverage alternates between the social sciences and the humanities.
Access key resources for international trade law research, including updated summaries for more than 300 WTO/GATT panel, Appellate Body, and arbitrator reports. Comprehensive indexes provide access points by keyword, article, country, subject, panelist, and more.
Harvard is digitizing and providing online access to selected rare book and special collections materials from their law library. The digital collections include the Ames Foundation Digital Collection of Legal History; the Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. Digital Collection; French Coutumes; the Nuremberg Trials Project and much more.
A digitized version of Harvard Research in International Law, a series of draft international conventions originally published in the American Journal of International Law between 1929 and 1939. The collection also provides access to the series Contemporary Analysis and Appraisal, which analyzes the basis of the proposed conventions and their continuing impact today.
The HathiTrust Digital Library is a long-term preservation repository and access platform for millions of titles held in academic and research institutions around the world, including the University of Iowa and the University of Iowa Law Library. The titles include copyrighted and public-domain materials digitized by Google, the Internet Archive, and Microsoft as well as through initiatives within HathiTrust partner institutions.
The law-related collections in the HathiTrust Digital Library are extensive. They include books (including rare books), scholarly journals and law reviews, historic case reporters and digests, and statutory collections and session laws. They cover a wide range of legal subjects and jurisdictions.
Members of the University of Iowa community may access all of the full-text materials in the HathiTrust Digital Library (HTDL) by clicking on the “Log In” button at the top-right of the HTDL homepage, choosing “University of Iowa” from the pull-down menu, clicking on “Continue,” and signing in with a HawkID and password.
Provides access to a series of portfolios, each of which focuses on a specific health law and business topic. Areas of emphasis include antitrust, contracts, fraud, operations, and tax-exempt health care entities. The State Legislation Summaries component provides a survey of enacted state legislation of interest to the health care industry.
Provides news, legal analysis, and practice tools addressing topics of interest to the health care industry as well as full text access to statutes, regulations, agency publications, and case law relating to health law. Information can be browsed or searched and is organized under the topical headings business and taxation; fraud, abuse, and compliance; health information and technology; health insurance and benefits; hospital and provider regulation; Medicare and Medicaid; and pharmaceuticals and life sciences.
A collection of databases containing the full text of both domestic and international primary and secondary legal materials. A variety of browsing and searching options are available to facilitate the retrieval of materials.
A monetary fine during the reign of King Henry III (1216-1272) was an agreement to pay the king a sum of money for a specified concession. This database provides digitized images of the records of fines issued during Henry III's reign, and thus provide the earliest systematic evidence of that which people and institutions across society wanted from the king and that which he was prepared to give. In full, they open a large window onto the politics, government, economy and society of England in the hinge period between the establishment of Magna Carta at the start of Henry’s reign and the parliamentary state which was emerging at its end.
The collection was funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council in Swindon, England.
This collection is made up of material which treats the death penalty as a subject, concentrating on its nature, history, operation, effects, psychology, desirability, compatibility with religious and moral precepts and efforts to abolish the penalty itself. It excludes works on specific crimes and executions, unless, in his opinion, they have a bearing on the subject; and includes works favoring capital punishment, on the ground that the more you know about your opponents’ arguments the better able you are to meet them.
This collection provides access to full text PDF images of over 500 titles and 550,000 pages of materials dating back to 1690 on subjects such as war & peace, the Nuremberg Trials, law of the sea, International arbitration, the Hague Conferences and Conventions, and much more. It includes classic books from famous authors such as Hans Kelsen, Samuel Pufendorf and James Brown Scott. It includes significant serials such as the International Law Studies Series [U.S. Naval War College], International Conciliation, Studies in Transnational Legal Policy, and many others. In addition, researchers will find links to scholarly articles discussing the history of international law and a bibliography of other works.
This collection includes the Supreme Court of the U.S. Hearings and Reports on Successful and Unsuccessful Nominations of Supreme Court Justices by the Senate Judiciary Committee providing coverage from Louis Brandeis's nomination in 1916 up to the present. It also includes scholarly articles and works about past and present Supreme Court Justices beginning with the first Supreme Court Justice John Jay.
This module within ProQuest U.K. Parliamentary Papers includes 18th, 19th, 20th, and 21st century modules, covering the House of Commons sessional papers, in searchable PDF, from 1715 to 2014, with supplementary material dating back to 1688. Included are bills, House of Commons papers, command papers, reports of committees, reports of commissioners, and various correspondence and statistical documents.
Among the topics addressed by the materials are the American Revolution, Edward Jenner's work with vaccination, the abolition of slavery, the navigations of James Cook, the Seven Years War, the Battle of Trafalgar, the tenure of Great Britain's first prime minister Sir Robert Walpole, the Industrial Revolution, the interaction of colonial forces with indigenous peoples in Australasia and North America, World Wars I and II, decolonization, the formation of NATO and the United Nations, the IRA, the Cold War, the Falklands War, the dismantling of apartheid, the 9/11 attacks, anti-terror laws, Scottish and Welsh devolution, future plans for the U.K. armed forces, and National Health Service (NHS) reform.
This module within ProQuest U.K. Parliamentary Papers includes the House of Lords sessional papers, in searchable PDF, from 1714 through 1910. The collection encompasses a wide array of social, political, economic, and foreign policy documents, providing evidence of committees and commissions during a time when the Lords in the U.K. wielded considerable power. The collection also includes many bills which originated and were subsequently rejected by the Lords – rich indicators of the direction and interests of the Lords that have been largely lost to researchers.
The inclusion of the final version of bills passing from Commons to the Lords also sheds light on edits and revisions taken by the Lords in the last stages of the legislative process, and, in some cases, reveals previously unknown material such as statistical data, oral evidence, and letters and business papers relating not only to Britain but also to the many parts of the world that were under British influence during that time.
Human Rights Documents Online is a searchable database of gray literature from non-governmental human rights organizations (NGOs) concerned with human rights and social justice. Locate publications concerning conditions within countries, analysis of ongoing issues, annual reports, reports, studies, conference documents, newsletters, magazines, editorials, press releases, and other informational publications. This collection is updated on an ongoing basis and will ultimately contain all human rights documents collected by the Human Rights Internet in Ottawa, Canada since 1980.
The Industry Market Research reports provide information on industry performance and conditions, segmentation, statistics, market characteristics, and key competitors. The Company Research reports provide company contact information, personnel data, and quarterly and annual financial statements for publicly traded companies. Key financial data is standardized to enable comparisons across companies. IBIS allows searching by NAICS or SIC codes.
An international, interdisciplinary bibliography of periodical literature published since 1896. The search interface and subject classification are available in English or German.
The ICC Dispute Resolution Library, managed by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), contains more than 1,000 documents from established publications on arbitration and other forms of dispute resolution. Key sources of content in the library are the ICC Dispute Resolution Bulletin (formerly the ICC International Court of Arbitration Bulletin) (1990 - present), Dossiers of the ICC Institute of World Business Law, and other publications such as the Secretariat's Guide to ICC Arbitration, which is an article-by-article analysis of the ICC Rules for practitioners and academics.
Included in the library are:
- Extracts from awards rendered by ICC arbitral tribunals, and a tool for finding where ICC awards have been published
- Articles providing comment and analysis on law and practice in dispute resolution
- ICC reference documents including the annual Statistical Report on ICC arbitration
- Commission Reports offering guidelines and discussion on procedural and substantive issues
- Current and previous versions of ICC Dispute Resolution Rules
Access to the ICC Dispute Resolution Library is limited to members of the University of Iowa College of Law community. Please contact the Law Library's reference desk at 319-335-9005 or firstname.lastname@example.org for access details.
ICLR Online, managed by The Incorporated Council of Law Reporting for England & Wales (ICLR), contains the full text of judgments of the superior and appellate courts in England and Wales, as well as The Law Reports, the ICLR's authoritative series of analytical documents, written by barristers on reported cases that develop the law, dating back to 1865. The interface also includes the latest case summaries, and most judgments include a function named Citator+, which contains the case's appellate history and current status. ICLR Online also includes a search tool for legislation that links directly to content on legislation.gov.uk.
The following key collections with The Law Reports (1865 - present) may be searched and browsed by clicking on "Cases" in the left-hand menu:
- The Weekly Law Reports (1953 - present)
- Chancery Appeals/Chancery Division (1865 - present)
- Queen's Bench Division (1875 - 1890; 1891 - 1901; 1952 - present)
- Industrial Cases Reports (1972 - present)
- Family Division (1972 - present)
- The Business Law Reports (2007 - present)
- Public and Third Sector Law Reports (2009 - present)
Access important historical documents, all major Acts, and legislation related to immigration law in the United States. This collection includes BIA Precedent Decisions, legislative histories, current Committee Hearings, law and policy titles, extradition titles, including Extradition Laws and Treaties, scholarly articles, an extensive bibliography, and other related works.
This ProQuest History Vault module holds materials covering the investigations made by the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) during the massive immigration wave at the turn of the 20th Century. The materials are held in the following collections within the interface:
- Asian Immigration and Exclusion, 1898 - 1941
- Mexican Immigration, 1906 - 1930
- Ellis Island, 1900 - 1933
- European Investigations, 1898 - 1936
- Prostitution and White Slavery, 1902 - 1933
- Suppression of Aliens, mainly 1917 - 1918
A searchable database of Latin incipits -- the opening words that identify manuscript texts. The database indexes over one million incipits covering Latin manuscripts from Antiquity to the Renaissance, and on various subjects, such as civil and canon law.
Indexes selected legal periodicals and essay collections published worldwide since 1960. It provides in-depth coverage of public and private international law, comparative law, and foreign law, in all key jurisdictions.
H.W. Wilson's premier indexes to legal periodical literature, covering 1908 to the present. These indexes are now part of EBSCO's Legal Source database of full-text legal literature, covering the United States and many international jurisdictions.
Searchable index of Iowa Supreme Court and Court of Appeals abstracts and arguments (briefs and appendices) from the October term 1870 to the Spring term of 2008. Search by case name, docket number, legal citation, date, or volume number.
Indexes documents issued between 1945 and the present by the six main bodies of the UN; the General Assembly, Security Council, Economic and Social Council, Trusteeship Council, Secretariat, and International Court of Justice. References from this index facilitate access to the Roy J. Carver United Nations Documents Collection in room 130. The index can also be accessed via the web through AccessUN.
This publication of the Law Library of Congress is a gateway to various resources on indigenous tribes throughout North America, with specific region pages for the United States, Alaska, Canada, and Mexico. Included are historic tribal constitutions in PDF and links to tribal codes, ordinances, and bylaws.
This collection provides access to full text PDF images of a variety of IP related materials including books, journals, compiled legislative histories, and federal agency decisions and bulletins. It also provides access to the Manual of Patent Examining Procedure, Title 37 of the Code of Federal Regulations, and Titles 17 and 35 of the U.S. Code.
The IP Law Resource Center is categorized into four practice areas: Patent Law, Trademark and Unfair Trade Practice Law, Copyright Law, and Judicial Practice and Procedure. Resources include the Patent, Trademark and Copyright Journal and the World Intellectual Property Report, as well as all decisions reported in United States Patents Quarterly (1929 - present), which includes patent, copyright, trademark and trade secret cases. The IP Law Resource Center also provides the full-text of IP laws and regulations, current news, analysis, and treatises in all areas of IP law practice.
An interdisciplinary index to book reviews published in scholarly journals, primarily in the social sciences and the humanities, including many European journals. The database contains over one million entries from 1985 to the present, and each entry includes German and English subject classifications. Around 50,000 new entries are added each month.
International Comparative Legal Guides (ICLG) is a website devoted to basic question and answer outlines of over 30 commercial-oriented legal topics from over 110 jurisdictions worldwide. Topics include Aviation Law; Cartels & Leniency; Competition Litigation; Corporate Governance; Enforcement of Competition Law; Lending and Secured Finance; Mergers & Acquisitions; Oil & Gas Regulation; Patents; Trade Marks [sic]. Drill down searching can be done either by topic or jurisdiction. This free website has a simple search engine, which usually is not needed because of the well-organized drill-down capability.
This international directory of scholars working in fields relating to the Middle Ages allows searching by name, field, country, and institution. It includes scholars from over 70 countries.
The IEL is composed of 25 distinct reference works, with contributions from over 1,200 prominent authors. The IEL covers each legal discipline with country-by-country monographs, which describe how each national legal system governs specific fields of law. These national monographs are supplemented, where relevant, with international or regional monographs which detail how supranational organizations may affect the field of law in question, or with monographs including an overview of the field from a comparative perspective. The topics covered include Civil Procedure, Commercial and Economic Law, Competition Law, Criminal Law, Intellectual Property, Migration Law, Religion, Transport Law, and many other topics.
This source is an extensive and thorough examination of comparative law that combines detailed descriptions of the legal systems of more than 150 countries with thoroughly documented comparative analyses of the main issues in civil and commercial law, and related issues world-wide. It provides detailed tables of contents for all chapters, and is full-text searchable.
This resource allows Canadians and others to find information about the international human rights instruments that are relevant to Canada, Canada’s official position vis-à-vis such instruments, and international human rights jurisprudence relating to Canada. The documents in this database are all official documents from international organizations or from the Canadian government.
International Law & World Order is a searchable database of international legal documents such as treaties, agreements, conventions, declarations, and draft international legal documents. Faculty and students researching international law (law between states or law of nations), humanitarian law (law of war), human rights, and international cooperative efforts (trade, finance, and arbitration) will find this database invaluable.
Searching can be done by text, titles, and fields.
The document collection is categorized according to Constitutive/Organic; War/Peace; Human Rights/Social Justice; Trade/Finance/Development; and Earth/Space/Environment. Editorial enhancements include continuously updated status and party information and extensive cross-referencing to other documents. The editors are internationally renowned veteran law professors Burns Weston and Jonathan Carlson of the University of Iowa College of Law.
The International Law Reports cover all significant cases of public international law from 1919 to the present day by reporting decisions of international courts and arbitrators as well as judgments of national courts in English. This electronic archive permits searching or browsing the reports in an html format. Also available in print at Law Library JX68 .A65.
International Medieval Bibliography covers the European Middle Ages (c450 - 1500). It provides over 300,000 entries from 4,500 periodicals and 5,000 miscellany volumes, published from and including 1967.
Investment Arbitration Reporter (IAReporter) offers detailed news and analysis on international law applying to foreign investment, with a focus on related treaties and arbitration between investors and sovereign entities. The content is also investigative in nature, offering analysis into otherwise confidential proceedings.
Included in IAReporter are PDF Editions that aggregate news and analysis into newsletter format several times a month, and extensive profiles of the most active arbitrators in the field of investor-state arbitration.
Provides full text access to investment claim awards and decisions, treaties, commentaries, institutional rules, and selected national arbitration laws. The treaties component provides access to bilateral investment treaties to which the US is not a party. When an official English version of the treaty is available, that is the version included in the database. If no official English version is available, the treaty is published in the language of the key jurisdiction being reported on.
Investor-State LawGuide is a specialized online research database for investment treaty law. It integrates the treaties, arbitral rules and case law used in international investment treaty arbitration.
Features of the ISLG include:
- Instant linking to arbitral decisions and awards
- A Subject Navigator to isolate relevant issues
- Article Citator allows for seeing how specific legal instruments in investment law have been interpreted by tribunals
- Jurisprudence Citator shows how specific decisions have been treated by subsequent treaty tribunals
Once at the site, click on “Login” on the top right hand corner to access the database.
A comprehensive guide to Iowa criminal law that provides analysis of statutes, case law, and court rules. Incorporates and enhances the Iowa Charging Manual, OWI and Traffic Offenses Manual, and Iowa Search and Seizure Manual. Passages include hyperlinks to unofficial sources of Iowa cases, statutes, and rules. Available at Law Audiovisual CD-ROM 349.
This manual is meant to provide Iowa attorneys with an overview of state and federal laws that are of greatest importance when representing low-income Iowans. Among the topics covered are consumer law, domestic relations, rights of disabled persons, and public benefits. Available at Law Audiovisual CD-ROM 793.
Provides access to the Irish Penal Laws that were passed between 1691 and 1760 during the reigns of William and Mary, William III, Anne, and George I and II to regulate the status of Roman Catholics. Before the two countries united at the beginning of the nineteenth century, England and Ireland had separate parliaments, although the English parliament had the power to pass laws applying to Ireland. Unless otherwise noted, the statutes on this site are acts of the Irish parliament.
The Irish Reports database contains the full text of case reports from 1838 to the present day. These reports are available as printable PDFs that replicate the exact pagination and appearance of the hard copies. The Irish Digests database provides a summary of each case reported in the Irish Reports, Northern Ireland Reports, Irish Law Reports Monthly, Irish Law Times Reports, Irish Jurist Reports, Irish Law Journal, and Irish Special Reports.
This digitized collection of the Israel Law Reports, and its predecessor title the Selected Judgments of the Supreme Court of Israel, contains English language translations of Israeli court decisions back to 1948. A variety of research aids accompany the collection including a table of cases, table of legislation, and index. The collection also provides access to PDF images of the Israel Law Review back to 1966.
Iter, meaning 'a journey' or 'a path' in Latin, is a non-profit research project with partners in Toronto, Canada (the headquarters), New York City, and Tempe, Arizona. The goal of Iter is to increase access to all published materials pertaining to the Middle Ages and Renaissance (400 - 1700), through the development of online resources.
The American Medical Association provides online access to JAMA & Archives journals from January 1998 forward. The full text articles are indexed by topic and available for download in PDF format. Abstracts and tables of contents are available for older issues.
This site provides access to English-language abstracts for the entirety of the Journal of Legal History Studies (please click on the "Next" button at the bottom-right of the screen to access the abstracts for earlier volumes). The Journal includes substantive articles on Chinese law, as well as book reviews and biographies of prominent Chinese legal figures.
Provides full text access to selected scholarly journals in history, economics, political science, philosophy, mathematics, and other fields of the humanities and social sciences. Note that this database contains ONLY back issues, the JSTOR database does not include issues for the most recent 3 to 5 years. Consult the online tables of contents for specific holdings information as coverage varies for each title.
Judge Information Center is a database service of the Transactional Records Clearinghouse (TRAC), a data gathering, data research and data distribution organization at Syracuse University. It contains a variety of information on federal judges in both the judicial and executive branches of government. Data goes back to 1986 for criminal cases and 1992 for civil cases and sentencing information.
Francophone database compiling the most recent Supreme Court decisions from 42 countries.
Provides full text access to international and UK legal materials including Statutory Instruments; the Irish Reports and Digests; Scottish Session Cases Archives, 1821-1872; State Trials, 1163-1858; and the International Law Reports.
Juta Law provides full text access to case law and statutory materials from a number of African countries including:
- Namibian Law Reports
- Statutes of Namibia
- The Bill of Rights Handbook (South Africa)
- Constitutional Law of South Africa
- Juta's Digest of South African Law
- Government Gazettes of South Africa (with Index)
- The Tanzania Law Reports, 1983 - 1997
- Zambia Law Reports, 1963 - 1997
- Case Law of Zimbabwe
- Statutes of Zimbabwe (July 2002)
Kluwer International Tax Law is part of Cheetah, a comprehensive legal database by Wolters Kluwer, incorporating many Commerce Clearing House (CCH) resources. Kluwer International Tax Law includes both primary and secondary tax-related materials. Primary materials: OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Model Tax Treaty and Commentaries; World Tax Treaties; CCH Amended Tax Treaties. Secondary materials: Klaus Vogel on Double Taxation Conventions; Jonathan Schwarz on Tax Treaties.
Navigate to Tax - International on the Cheetah landing page. See a Law Library Reference Librarian for further assistance.
Provides online, full text access to the Manual for the Handling of Applications for Patents, Designs and Trademarks throughout the World, which profiles over 200 countries and regional systems. Also includes IP related conventions, agreements, and protocols and a special section on the European Patent System. The "Smart Charts" workflow tool within the product allows users to create customized charts comparing information from multiple jurisdictions on patents, trademarks, utility models, and industrial designs and models
The Law Library offers access to Kodeks’ English language archive of translations of selected acts of the Russian Federation and the USSR for the period 1971-2008.
The Labor & Employment Law Resource Center provides access to in-depth analysis of employment law decisions, statutes, regulations, case law, and trends in the areas of fair employment practices, individual employment rights, Americans with disabilities, wages and hours, labor-management relations, collective bargaining, and labor arbitration. The Daily Labor Report and the HR Policy Handbook, as well as checklists, forms, and sample letters are also available.
This ProQuest History Vault module contains a variety of collections from the Harvard Law School Library, highlighting three Supreme Court Justices, the first African-American federal judge, high-profile cases, and insights into developing ideologies and laws, as far back as 1861 with the Papers of Oliver Wendell Holmes, which span from the Civil War to the Great Depression.
The Papers of Louis D. Brandeis and Felix Frankfurter provide a behind-the-scenes view of the U.S. Supreme Court between 1919 and 1961. The Frankfurter Papers are of special note because they reveal how the Supreme Court approached the Brown v. Board of Education decision, the landmark school desegregation case.
The specific collections in Law and Society since the Civil War are the following:
- Albert Levitt Papers, 1927 - 1937 and 1965 - 1968
- Felix Frankfurter Papers, Part I: U.S. Supreme Court, Case Files of Opinions and Memoranda, October Terms 1938 - 1961
- Felix Frankfurter Papers, Part II: U.S. Supreme Court, Case Files of Opinions and Memoranda, October Terms 1953 - 1961
- Felix Frankfurter Papers, Part III: Correspondence and Related Material, 1900 - 1965
- Livingston Hall Papers, 1947 - 1973
- Louis Dembitz Brandeis Papers, Part I: U.S. Supreme Court, October Terms 1916 - 1931
- Louis Dembitz Brandeis Papers, Part II: U.S. Supreme Court, October Terms 1932 - 1938
- Oliver Wendell Holmes Papers, 1861 - 1935
- Richard H. Field Papers, 1942 - 1978
- Roscoe Pound Papers, Part I: Correspondence, 1907 - 1964
- Roscoe Pound Papers, Part II: Writings, Lectures, Addresses, Teaching Notes, and Miscellaneous Manuscripts, 1889 - 1964
- Sacco-Vanzetti Case Papers, 1920 - 1928
- Sheldon Glueck Papers, mainly 1926 - 1972
- William H. Hastie Papers, Part I: Judicial Activities, 1916 - 1976
- William H. Hastie Papers, Part II: Civil Rights, Organizational, and Private Activities, 1916 - 1976
- Zechariah Chafee Jr. Papers, mainly 1916 - 1956
Provides full text access to selected legal periodicals. Coverage typically begins with a publication's first issue; recent issues are added approximately 3-12 months after they are published in print.
Law360 is an extensive practitioner-oriented database focusing on legal news and major judicial and legislative developments in the U.S. In particular, attorneys at top U.S. law firms provide detailed and authoritative analysis on current trends in the various forms of litigation and in federal court jurisprudence, organized across 43 practice areas listed on the Law360 homepage. The articles in Law360 link directly to court dockets and opinions and other key judicial documents.
Law360 covers major opinions handed down in U.S. federal courts and major transactions involving the top 250 U.S. law firms, and provides tracking and reports on over 20,000 companies, firms, and industries, with particular focus on lawsuits filed against the world's top 2,000 companies.
Law360 users may sign up for daily e-mail newsletters connected to a variety of practice areas and industries.
Contains English-language versions of Chinese legal information such as laws (statutes/legislation) and regulations (including related interpretations by the Supreme People's Court); selected judicial decisions of the Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate; legal news articles since 2000; gazettes containing useful documents and legislative histories; and selected leading law journals. The English-language homepage allows for searching in both English and Chinese.
LawInfoChina is the companion (integrated) database to ChinaLawInfo, which provides Chinese-language coverage to much of the same content as LawInfoChina.
Leadership Connect provides access to fourteen Leadership Directories, also known as Yellow Books, providing contact information for U.S. state and federal elected officials, government agency officials, members of the judiciary and their staff, leaders in business, professional and nonprofit organizations. Search or browse the following: Congressional, Federal, State, Municipal, Federal Regional, Judicial, Corporate, Financial, News Media, Associations, Law Firms, Government Affairs, Foreign Representatives, and Nonprofit Sector.
This full text collection of classic legal works may be searched or browsed by author, title, or subject.
This database provides access to more than 1,100 full-text journals, as well as detailed indexing for legal journals, law reviews, yearbooks, institutes, statutes, symposia, jurisdictional surveys, court decisions, legislation, books, book reviews, bar association publications and university publications. This database also includes indexing and full-text articles published in Canada, Great Britain, Ireland, Australia, and New Zealand.
Legal Source combines the power of EBSCO's search platform with the comprehensive indexing it acquired through H. W. Wilson's Index to Legal Periodicals and Books (ILP) and Index to Legal Periodicals Retrospective, to provide coverage from 1908 to the present.
Indexes law reviews, legal newspapers, bar association journals, and international legal journals with coverage beginning in 1980. It also covers law-related articles from business and general interest titles.
LegiGlobe is produced by the Francophone Network of Legal Diffusion (RF2D), which is itself part of the institutional network for la Francophonie. LegiGlobe offers many legal research guides in the French language, and covers law of the Francophone world, which includes countries in Europe, Africa, Asia, and the Western Hemisphere. LegiGlobe offers excellent state and comparative legal resources, including tabular compilations and indexes of comparative law citations on a host of topics.
Legislationline (Organization on Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)) provides a wide range of human rights related domestic legislation organized by country, as well as by topics such as: Administrative Justice, Anti-Discrimination, Citizenship, Elections, Counter-Terrorism, Gender, Migration, Trafficking in Human Beings, Freedom of Assembly and Association, Access to Information and Data Protection, Death Penalty, Rights to Fair Trials, Judicial Independence, Hate Crimes, Freedom of Religion, and National Human Rights Institutions. OSCE/ODIHR policy documents, policy reviews, and multi-national surveys are also available. This website is sponsored by the Organization on Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and its Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR).
Based upon the most important encyclopaedia in the world for medievalists (published in German between 1977 and 1999), LexMA’s 36,700 signed articles written by 3,000 authors covers all aspects of medieval studies within the period 300 to 1500. Its geographical scope covers the whole of Europe, part of the Middle East, and parts of North Africa to document the roots of Western culture and those of its neighbours in the Byzantine, Arab and Jewish worlds.
Only members of the University of Iowa College of Law community may establish personal passwords to Lexis Advance. Please see the Law Library's Computing and Technology guide tab for Lexis Advance for more details.
Lexis Advance Quicklaw provides access to Canadian primary and secondary legal materials. Coverage includes full-text court and tribunal decisions dating back to the 1800s, a full collection of Canada Quantums summarizing judgments and monetary awards, federal, provincial, and territorial legislation and statutes, Halsbury's Laws of Canada, and extensive commentary and legal analysis available in domestic and international law journals. Validate case law research with QuickCITE® Case Citator and statutory research with QuickCITE® Legislation Citator.
Access to Quicklaw is limited to the University of Iowa College of Law community.
Law faculty and students may create unique Quicklaw IDs (separate from their Lexis Advance IDs) by consulting the Quicklaw instructions in the Law Library's Computing and Technology: Lexis Advance research tab.
This database is a collection of courtroom and case recordings, as well as training videos, for use by law students and faculty in a variety of educational settings. Courtroom Cast consists of three collections: AudioCaseFiles, a video collection, and a training collection. AudioCaseFiles provides recordings and full text of cases included in first and second year courses and casebooks. The cases are downloadable to various devices for easy portability, and the website allows students to take notes. The video collection contains selected full hearings, trials, and oral arguments from cases in U.S. federal and state courts from 2004 to the present. The training collection is designed to help users hone their advocacy skills through carefully selected video clips from actual trials. Areas covered by the Training videos include the various aspects of a trial - opening statements, direct and cross examination, and closing argument; the nuances of the Rules of Evidence – relevancy, witnesses, opinion and expert testimony, hearsay, and other rules; and appellate advocacy – petitioner and respondent argument, as well as handling questions from the bench.
The database is searchable and browsable, and is available from anywhere with an internet connection.
This archive illuminates the experiences not just of the LGBTQ community as a whole, but of individuals of different races, ethnicities, ages, religions, political orientations, and geographical locations that constitute this community. Historical records of political and social organizations founded by LGBTQ individuals are featured, as well as publications by and for lesbians and gays, and extensive coverage of governmental responses to the AIDS crisis.
The archive also contains personal correspondence and interviews with numerous LGBTQ individuals, among others. The archive includes gay and lesbian newspapers from more than 35 countries, reports, policy statements, and other documents related to gay rights and health, including the worldwide impact of AIDS, materials tracing LGBTQ activism in Britain from 1950 through 1980, and more. In addition, the archive encompasses extensive material related to feminism, women's rights, and women's concerns. Documents span from 1940 to 2014, with the bulk from 1950 to 1990.
CLCLT is the world's leading database for Latin texts. It contains texts from the beginning of Latin literature (Livius Andronicus, 240 BC) through to the texts of the Second Vatican Council (1962 - 1965). It covers all the works from the classical period, the most important patristic works, a very extensive corpus of Medieval Latin literature as well as works of recentior latinitas including texts from the Reformation and Counter-Reformation. The complete works of writers such as Cicero, Virgil, Augustine, Jerome, Gregory the Great, Anselm of Canterbury, Bernard of Clairvaux and Thomas a Kempis can thus be consulted. The texts have been taken from the Corpus Christianorum series and from many other leading editions.
CLCLT is the world's leading database for Latin texts. It contains texts from the beginning of Latin literature (Livius Andronicus, 240 BC) through to the texts of the Second Vatican Council (1962-1965). It covers all the works from the classical period, the most important patristic works, a very extensive corpus of Medieval Latin literature as well as works of recentior latinitas including texts from the Reformation and Counter-Reformation. The complete works of writers such as Cicero, Virgil, Augustine, Jerome, Gregory the Great, Anselm of Canterbury, Bernard of Clairvaux and Thomas a Kempis can thus be consulted. The texts have been taken from the Corpus Christianorum series and from many other leading editions.
This collection consists of the extant files of cases from the records of the U.S. District and Circuit Courts at Springfield with which Abraham Lincoln has been identified as legal counsel, and date from 1855 to 1861. The 122 case files reproduced here include civil actions brought under both statute and common law, admiralty litigation, and a few criminal cases.
Linguee is a website that combines the search capabilities of a dictionary, a search engine, and a web crawler. Linguee mines the language translations of official government and intergovernmental document translations from around the world.
Linguee’s foundation included a corpus of law and social science-related documents translated by the language directorates of the United Nations and the European Union. Thus, legal-oriented documents, translations, and terminology have played an integral role with Linguee from the start.
All European Union languages plus the six official United Nations languages (Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish) are represented on Linguee.
This collection contains digitized full text images of federal and state legal materials and government publications from the executive, judicial, and legislative branches. Some materials from foreign governments and international organizations are also included.
Foreign Primary Sources, 1600 – 1970, provides access to superseded statutory codes for Northern, Western, and Eastern European countries, as well as commentaries on and analysis of the codes. This digital collection includes works in English, Dutch, French, German, Irish, and Italian.
A unique digital collection of Foreign Law, International Law, Comparative Law, Roman Law, Jewish Law, Islamic Law, and Ancient Law with full text search capabilities in English and languages of origin. The Foreign Law collection includes dozens of countries; principal countries include: Argentina, Australia, Canada, France, Germany, India, Italy, Mexico, Netherlands, South Africa, Spain, and Switzerland. The International Law collection includes notable works of renowned legal theorists, such as Gentili, Grotius, Selden, Zouche, Pufendorf, Bijnkershoek, Wolff, Vattel, Martens, Mackintosh, and Wheaton. These materials were sourced from Yale Law Library, the George Washington University Law Library, and the Columbia Law Library.
A fully searchable collection of digitized casebooks, local practice manuals, books on legal form, works for lay readers, pamphlets, letters, and speeches from Great Britain, Ireland, and the United States. In contains over 22,000 titles published from 1800 through 1926.
This historically rich, full text collection of primary legal documents contains constitutional convention materials including reports, journals, proceedings, debates, rules of order, and information for the use of delegates; the text of enacted and proposed city charters and ordinances; legal dictionaries; Native American & U.S. government relations; African American and women's right to vote; military and veterans affairs; welfare and labor; crime & punishment; early U.S. state codes; and colonial records from the microfilm collection Published Records of the American Colonies. The database is available in two parts but is cross-searched as the default search mode. In the "Advanced Search" mode, one may choose the primary source collection (MML - Pt. 1 1620 - 1926 or MML - Pt.2 1763 - 1970), the jurisdiction, the publication type (American colonial records, Constitutional Conventions and Compilations, federal codes, law dictionaries, municipal codes or state codes), language or number of pages. Each image is a PDF and is fully searchable by several means, including subject, author, title, geographic subject or publisher, to name a few.
Digital archive of records and briefs brought before the U.S. Supreme Court from 1832 to 1978. Enables full text searching of 350,000 documents from 150,000 cases.
For records and briefs from 1975 to 2016, go to ProQuest Supreme Court Insight.
This collection provides access to digitized versions of published trial collections, official trial documents including briefs and arguments, and records of legislative and administrative proceedings that examine historically important trials. Most of the titles were originally published in English in the U.S. or Great Britain but the collection also contains selected non-English language materials from other jurisdictions.
The Making of the Modern World offers searching and browsing of materials from (1) The Goldsmith-Kress Collection of the University of London and Harvard University, covering 1450 to 1850, with a focus on the expansion of world trade, the Industrial Revolution, and the development of modern capitalism, and (2) various social, economic, business, political science, and technology-oriented materials covering 1851 through 1914.
The collection also includes numerous materials addressing the legal aspects of slavery, wills and trusts, landlord and tenant, bills of exchange, tithing, taxation and commerce, etc.
Included are rare books, monographs, serials, political pamphlets, government publications, proclamations, a wide range of ephemera, and other document types, totaling over 62,400 titles and 11.73 million pages.
Hein has digitized all eight editions of this title. The original publication for each edition can be viewed along with its revisions. Users can also view the completely interfiled version of each edition.
Manupatra provides full text access to India's High and Supreme Court cases, tribunal and commission orders, the Bare Acts, notifications, circulars, bills, forms, and more. Coverage varies by collection, extending back to the 1960s for some publications but as far back as the 1860s for others. Users can browse the content or can search by subject area, citation, or keywords.
For users in the Law Library, click on the box that says "Click here to start your RESEARCH." For off-campus law users, after connecting to the Manupatra interface, click on the phrase "IP Users Click here" that appears to the right of the log-in boxes; this link will take you to the HawkID sign-in screen.
This collection within HeinOnline contains searchable and browsable PDFs for Martindale's American Law Directory, 62 volumes in length, covering 1868 to 1930; Hubbell's Legal Directory, 58 volumes in length, covering 1870 to 1930; and the Martindale-Hubbell Law Directory, 88 volumes in length, covering 1931 to 1963.
The directories are classic titles listing details on U.S. law firms, banks, and real estate office for lawyers, bankers, merchants, manufacturers, and other professionals, organized by state and city. Also included are attorney ratings and details on foreign-based law firms.
The Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law provides analytic coverage of constitutional law topics in a comparative context. The encyclopedia articles address a focused range of topics that seek to provide the best coverage of the essence, character, development, and history of constitutional law from a global perspective. The articles define and cover the basis and foundations of state formation and constitutional law, as well as analyze and explain underlying legal concepts such as human rights, constitutional formation, scope of state protections, the defining structures of governmental makeup, types of legal structures and interactions within a constitutional law system, and legal constitutional concepts that make up constitutional law. In addition, articles provide insight and detail into key cases that have contributed to or defined constitutional law concepts on a global scale, and discuss key instruments in constitutional law history such as Magna Carta and the Charter of Medina, among others.
The service provides browsing and searching of all of the material within the resource based on keywords and subjects. MPECCoL content is also connected to the Oxford Law Citator that provides direct links to related materials within MPECCoL, other online law resources from OUP, and important references available elsewhere.
This resource is a fully revised version of the 1992 print edition of the Encyclopedia of Public International Law. This new electronic edition contains 1,700 articles and includes over 700 new topics not addressed in the previous edition. It also expands coverage in the areas of international criminal law, international dispute settlement, trade law, and environmental law.
This database includes complete coverage of Annals of Air and Space Law, the Yearbook of Air and Space Law, Arms Control and Disarmament in Outer Space: Lecture-Seminars given at the Centre for Research of Air and Space Law, Enforcement and Verification of Arms Control Treaties in Outer Space, Global Space Governance, Law and Politics in Space: Specific and Urgent Problems in the Law of Outer Space; Proceedings, Public International Air Law, World Wide Space Law Bibliography, and many more publications.
Provides stock and financial data for over 6200 publicly traded US companies. Allows users to perform industry comparisons and peer-group analyses, evaluate a company's business based on its products and services, and identify its competitors, major customers, suppliers and partners. Covers all companies actively traded on the NYSE, AMEX, and NASDAQ exchanges.
This online version makes all issues of the Monthly Catalog from 1895 to July 1976 available online, both as keyed full text records and as page images of the original printed catalog. A finding aid only, it does not include full text for any of the publications included; however, it is intended that in future links will be included to digitized government documents elsewhere.
A selection of texts from all five divisions of Monumenta Germaniae Historica (Scriptores, Leges, Diplomata, Epistolae, Antiquitates).
A selection of texts from all five divisions of Monumenta Germaniae Historica (Scriptores, Leges, Diplomata, Epistolae, Antiquitates).
The ProQuest digital collection charts the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People's work from 1909 to 1972. It contains nearly two million pages of archival material such as internal memos, legal briefings and direct action summaries from national, legal,and branch offices throughout the country.
This series of law reports covers the decisions of all the superior courts of Namibia since independence in 1990 and provides comprehensive coverage of all the decisions of the High Court and the Supreme Court of Namibia. All cases have been carefully selected, edited and headnoted. The text is presented with identical page breaks and marginal lettering as in the printed reports, making citations standard.
This archive contains transcripts from the Proceedings of every Annual Meeting, as well as the transcripts of the discussions of each Uniform and Model Act. Also included are the approved "successive drafts" of each Uniform and Model Act.
Provides full text access to the winning records and briefs from the annual National Moot Court Competitions, back to the very first competition held in 1950.
This database version of Richard Leiter's award-winning National Survey of State Laws provides an overall view of some of the most sought-after and controversial legal topics in the U.S.
Users are able to make basic state-by-state comparisons of current state laws. The new 7th edition, along with the 6th and 5th editions, are included in this database format, which also allows users to compare the same laws as they existed in 2005, 2008, and 2015.
All seven print editions, covering 1993 through 2015, are included in HeinOnline's image-based, fully searchable platform.
The National Technical Information Service is a federal agency that collects technical, scientific, business, health, and social sciences research materials produced by the U.S. government, foreign governments, and other organizations throughout the world. The NTIS database allows you to search summaries of these items from 1964 to the present, with some materials dating back to the late 1940s.
This source is the one location for the most up-to-date editions for 20 NCLC treatises, which are listed below. The treatises are searchable, with live links between them, and there are over 5,000 pleadings and discovery documents and primary sources integrated into the text. Researchers may also highlight the new, updated text within the treatise chapters.
The NCLC treatises updated through the Digital Library are the following:
- Access to Utility Service
- Automobile Fraud
- Collection Actions
- Consumer Arbitration Agreements
- Consumer Banking & Payment Law
- Consumer Bankruptcy Law and Practice
- Consumer Class Actions
- Consumer Credit Regulation
- Consumer Law Pleadings
- Consumer Warranty Law
- Credit Discrimination
- Fair Credit Reporting
- Fair Debt Collection
- Federal Deception Law
- Foreclosures and Mortgage Servicing
- Mortgage Lending
- Student Loan Law
- Truth in Lending
- Unfair and Deceptive Acts and Practices
Provides coverage back to the first volume of NY3d along with select coverage of volumes of NY2d. Future releases will include retrospective coverage and new records and briefs as they are published.
Provides searchable, full text access to the PDF images of a wide variety of New York primary resources including New York Tax Cases back to 1988, the New York State Register back to 1993, New York Attorney General Reports and Opinions back to 1890, state session laws back to 1777, and superseded statutory codes published prior to 1923. The collection also provides access to secondary resources including the New York State Bar Association Journal dating back to 1928 and a collection of law reviews from the state of New York.
The New York Times (June 1, 1980 - current) full-text is available from Factiva. Factiva provides comprehensive same-day and archival coverage of NYT. LexisNexis Academic, LexisNexis, and Westlaw also provide full-text access to NYT from 1980 to the present.
Provides full text access to US state and federal legal cases, statutory and administrative codes, selected federal agency decisions, Shepards for cases, and topical secondary legal materials. It also contains full text news from a variety of newpapers and wire services and some international legal materials.
OECD iLibrary contains all the publications and datasets released by OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development), International Energy Agency (IEA), Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA), OECD Development Centre, PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment), and International Transport Forum (ITF) since 1998 - currently, 1 000 journal issues, 2 900 working papers, 2 500 multi-lingual summaries, 6 200 e-book titles, 14 000 tables and graphs, 21 000 chapters and articles, and 390 complete databases with more than 4 billion data points.
Oxford Bibliographies in International Law provides authoritative guidance through the proliferation of information sources to material that is reliable and directly relevant to researcher's inquiries. It combines the best features of a high-level encyclopedia and a traditional bibliography. Each subject module includes a full set of entries covering a range of topics from general overviews to highly-specialized themes. Entries are written by experts and carefully reviewed by scholars in the field to ensure that they provide reliable, worthy coverage. The International Law bibliography provides authoritative guidance to the complex system of rules and principles meant to govern relations between states, to international organizations like the United Nations, and to international relations and diplomacy.
Includes essays on state and federal legal institutions in the U.S.; the intersection between law and other disciplines such as sociology and medicine; controversies such as abortion and reproductive rights, the right to bear arms, affirmative action, and freedom of speech and the press; biographies of important lawyers, judges, and legal educators; and the historical origins and contemporary developments in doctrinal areas such as property and torts.
Provides 1,700 alphabetically arranged entries covering all major areas of the law including criminal law, tax, social security law, human rights, family and employment law, education law, sports law, and international law; the role and workings of legal institutions such as parliaments, courts, law schools, and international bodies; leading cases, famous trials and distinguished lawyers; major events in legal history; and major debates in legal theory.
The 435 entries in this work examine the way the court operates, its historical development, the people who have contributed to its development, its leading cases, and the institutional role the court plays in Australian society.
Consists of over 1,200 entries on key cases and constitutional legal issues including abortion, freedom of religion, school desegregation, freedom of speech, voting rights, military tribunals, and the rights of the accused.
Oxford Competition Law provides an invaluable suite of competition analysis, including Oxford University Press' key commentaries in EU competition law, fully linked with national case reports and source material. The service comprises enhanced online versions of Faull & Nikpay: The EC Law of Competition and Whish & Bailey on Competition Law, and substantive updates to Bellamy & Child: European Union Law of Competition.
Access regularly updated, fully-translated English-language versions of all of the world’s constitutions, as well as commentaries and supplementary materials, including foundation documents, historical constitutions, and amendment Acts/laws, and a collection of scholarly monographs.
Contains over 4,200 entries that define the terminology, concepts, processes, and organization of the English legal system. The seventh edition reflects recent changes in the law and legal system and includes full citation references to important new cases.
Defines over 3,400 UK law enforcement terms that relate to law, accountancy, insurance, shipping, commerce, trade, pathology, forensic medicine, criminology, and psychology. Entries include citations to relevant legislation. The dictionary also contains five appendices: abbreviations and acronyms; recordable offences; disclosure code; disclosure guidelines; and disclosure protocol.
Includes 900 original articles ranging from 500-word entries on inventors, theoreticians, and industry leaders to overarching, 8,000-word essays on markets, industries, and labor. The encyclopedia is international in scope and covers all periods of human history.
This eight volume encyclopedia contains over 2,000 entries examining ethnic groups, social history, demography, family life, politics, economics, religion, education, technology, culture, and major events such as wars. It covers all major world developments from 1750 to the present and includes extensive coverage of the United States.
The OED is a guide to the meaning, history, and pronunciation of over half a million words, both present and past. It covers words from across the English-speaking world, offers etymological analysis, lists variant spellings, and shows pronunciation using the International Phonetic Alphabet. For each word in the OED, meanings are presented in chronological order and are supported through quotation evidence.
Individually analyzes more than 450 of the most important cases in the court's history, and in the process provides an overview of the evolution of constitutional law in the U.S. and insight into the nation's underlying social, cultural, and political dynamics.
Provides full text access to the following Oxford Handbook e-books: American Elections and Political Behavior, American Political Parties and Interest Groups, American Presidency, British Politics, Comparative Politics, Contextual Political Analysis, International Relations, Law and Politics, Political Behavior, Political Economy, Political Institutions, Political Methodology, Political Theory, Public Policy, and the United Nations.
Full text access to Oxford University Press journal titles covering law, the humanities, math, social science, medicine, and science.
Provides access to searchable, comprehensive bilingual dictionaries including French/English, German/English, Italian/English, Spanish/English, Russian/English, and Chinese/English.
Full text access to Oxford University Press journal titles covering law. The featured titles include: London Review of International Law, The Chinese Journal of Comparative Law, Journal of Law and the Biosciences, Journal of Financial Regulation, Journal of Antitrust Enforcement, Uniform Law Review, Oxford Journal of Law and Religion, European Journal of International Law, Chinese Journal of International Law, International Data Privacy Law, Reports of Patent Design and Trade Mark Cases, and Journal of European Competition Law & Practice.
This collection of dictionaries, encyclopedias, and reference works published by Oxford University Press lets you search across multiple titles with one search. Titles cover a variety of languages and subjects and include the Oxford Companion to American Law, Oxford Dictionary of Law, and Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States.
Access the full-text of selected international law decisions with headnotes, English translations, and expert analysis and commentary. Case reports may be searched by date or subjects, such as human rights, law of the sea, international criminal law, and international environmental law, as well as many more subjects. Cases may also be browsed by module: Oxford Reports on International Law in Domestic Courts, Oxford Reports on International Criminal Law, Oxford Reports on International Human Rights Law, and Oxford Reports on International Courts of General Jurisdiction.
Oxford Scholarly Authorities on International Law (OSAIL) contains full-text online editions of leading reference works and treaties published by Oxford University Press, such as Oppenheim and the Oxford Commentaries on International Law.
Provides access to the Law module within Oxford Scholarship Online, which details Oxford University Press e-books and in law and selected related disciplines.
The e-books with a red lock next to the title are only abstracted.
Access is limited to the Law module within Oxford Scholarship Online.
Indexes journal articles, books, government documents, research reports, and other literature relevant to political science and public affairs. Coverage extends back to 1972 and includes publications from over 120 countries.
This database provides access to the digitization of a four-volume set containing Panormitanus (Niccolò de’ Tudeschi, 1386-1445)'s Consilia, which number over 200; six of the seven Quaestiones that are attributed to him; a work called Practica, which seems to be the Ordo iudiciarius that is sometimes ascribed to him, and a short commentary on the Clementine consitutions (the third part of the second part of the Corpus Iuris Canonici). These works are accompanied by repertoria and marginal commentary dating from the later fifteen and sixteenth centuries.
Panormitanus was archbishop of Palermo from 1434 until 1445, and has been called "the last great canonist in the medieval tradition."
The database is hosted by The Ames Foundation of Harvard Law School.
High-resolution digital copy of every imageable page of most manuscripts in the Parker Library of Corpus Christi College.
Access more the 50 publications from the Parker School of Foreign & Comparative Law at Columbia Law School. This collection includes the 22-volume set, A Bibliography on Foreign and Comparative Law: Books and Articles in English by Charles Szladits, as well as An Introduction to the Legal System of the United States by E. Allan Farnsworth, among other notable titles.
The rolls of parliament were the official records of the meetings of the English parliament from the reign of Edward I from 1272 - 1307 until the reign of Henry VII from 1485 - 1509. The rolls were first edited and published in 1783 in six folio volumes entitled Rotuli Parliamentorum (RP) under the general editorship of the Reverend John Strachey. This new edition reproduces the rolls edited in RP in their entirety, plus those subsequently published by Cole, Maitland, and Richardson and Sayles. It also includes a substantial amount of material never previously published, together with a full translation of all the texts from the three languages used by the medieval clerks (Latin, Anglo-Norman, and Middle English).
The Pentagon Papers comprise the Vietnam Relations, 1945 - 1967: A Study Prepared by the Department of Defense. The Pentagon Papers chronicle the history of the United States Department of Defense's political-military involvement in Vietnam from 1945 to 1967. Access the complete 7,000 page report with no redactions.
Offers electronic access to backfiles of periodicals in the humanities and social sciences that have been indexed in its sister database, Periodicals Index Online.
Indexes periodical articles in the humanities and social sciences covering each title from its first issue, which may be as early as 1665. The scope is international, including journals in English, French, German, Italian, Spanish, and other languages.
Contains problems, winning memorials, official rules, competition results, and judges' briefs, when available. The collection dates back to 1960.
Philippine Law Collection includes more than 270 titles and more than 410,000 pages relating to Philippine law. There are 114 titles and more than 110,000 pages unique to this specific collection, whose subjects include Civil Rights, Criminal Law and Procedure, Economic Reform, Foreign Policy, Insurance, Military Law, Trade Regulations, and much more. Browse the collection by title, author, date, and subject.
Featured titles include: Philippine Law Journal, Philippine Treaty Series: A Collection of the Texts of Treaties and Other International Agreements to Which the Philippines is a Party, 1944-1983, National Administrative Register, Reports of Cases, 1901-1964, Journal of the Philippine Association on Voluntary Arbitration, and Philippine Permanent and General Statutes, 1971-1972,1978-2009.
Provides indexing and abstracts for books, journal articles, and anthologies in all fields of philosophy including ethics, aesthetics, social philosophy, political philosophy, epistemology, and metaphysic logic as well as material on the philosophy of law, religion, science, history, education, and language. Coverage begins in 1940.
The Practicing Law Institute (PLI) is best known in legal circles as a provider of high-quality continuing legal education programs and materials. With this online research platform, covering 25 practice areas, PLI offers full access to over 100,000 documents, including several practice-focused treatises; PLI Course Handbooks created as supplements to their continuing legal education programs, as well as Transcripts from selected presentations; Answer Books that include practice pointers and checklists in a Q & A format; Forms taken from the CLE materials; and Journals that contain articles by experts in the 25 practice areas.
A UI-affiliated user may create an account in PLI Plus. Account holders may save documents, access search and viewing history, highlight text, and create online notes. In order to access these tools, one must access PLI Plus from the Law Library's database list.
A database of public opinion polls containing the full text of 500,000 questions and responses from more than 14,000 surveys conducted from 1986 through the present in the United States and more than 100 other countries around the world. Searches can be conducted in one of six fields -- topic, question text, universe, date, polling organization, and response.
Practical Law is a part of Westlaw that includes explanations of current law and practice; guidance on drafting standard documents and clauses; checklists, tables, and flowcharts to help legal practitioners stay organized; and toolkits for key areas of legal risk and compliance.
The current practice areas covered are Antitrust, Bankruptcy, Capital Markets & Corporate Governance, Commercial Transactions, Corporate and Mergers & Acquisitions, Employee Benefits & Executive Compensation, Estate Planning, Finance, Intellectual Property & Technology, International Arbitration, Labor & Employment, Litigation, Real Estate, and Tax.
Only members of the University of Iowa College of Law community may establish personal passwords to Westlaw. Please see the Law Library's Student Computing guide tab for Westlaw for more details.
Practical Law is linked at the right side of the Westlaw homepage.
In the Emergency Price Control Act of 1942, Congress established a comprehensive system of administrative controls over prices, as a means of checking the inflation that accompanied America’s entry into World War II. The Act created a temporary Emergency Court of Appeals, staffed by federal judges from the district courts and courts of appeals, with exclusive jurisdiction to determine the validity of price control regulations. This collection provides a unique look into the creation and activities of the temporary Emergency Court of Appeals, staffed by federal judges from the district courts and courts of appeals, with exclusive jurisdiction to determine the validity of price control regulations.
The Privacy & Data Security Law Resource Center provides access to news, legal analysis, and practice tools, in addition to federal and state statutes, regulations, and agency documents. The resource center includes access to full text law and regulations from Canada, the EU, multilateral organizations, and links to foreign law. The Privacy & Security Law Report and the Privacy Law Watch provide current coverage and analysis on the latest privacy and data security developments. The resource center features interactive state law maps for breach notification, data disposal, data security, electronic surveillance, and SSN restriction laws.
PrivCo (Private Company Financial Intelligence) is a database of financial data on major privately-held companies worldwide. Included in PrivCo are private financial and revenue data, private merger and acquisition details, private firm valuations, venture capital funding details, private equity deal history, and private and family ownership data.
PrivCo is available to University of Iowa faculty, students, and staff whom create accounts linked to an @uiowa.edu email address.
Provides access to a digitized collection of all surviving editions of the Old Bailey Proceedings from 1674 to 1913 and of the Ordinary of Newgate's Accounts from 1679 to 1772. The proceedings were published upon the conclusion of each session of the Old Bailey and satisfied the public's demand for details about the criminal trials of ordinary men and women. The accounts are biographical narratives of the lives and deaths of convicts executed at Tyburn.
A full text collection of peer-reviewed journals in the humanities, arts, and social sciences. All articles are available in html and as PDF images.
A collection of cross-searchable databases, from dissertations to governmental and cultural archives to news.
ProQuest Congressional is a searchable, comprehensive collection of U.S. federal government publications, mostly in PDF. The current University of Iowa holdings in ProQuest Congressional are the following:
- Public and private bills and resolutions, 1789 - present
- House and Senate committee reports, 1817 - 2003 in PDF and 2004 - present in HTML
- The Congressional Record and its predecessor publications, 1789 - 2009 in PDF and 2006 - present in HTML
- House and Senate committee hearing transcripts published officially by the U.S. Government Publishing Office, 1824 - 2017
- House and Senate committee hearing transcripts published unofficially, selected 1973 - 1992
- House and Senate committee prints, 1830 - present
- The U.S. Congressional Serial Set, 1817 - present
- The American State Papers, 1789 - 1838
- Legislative histories, 1969 - present
- Congressional Research Service (CRS) reports, 1916 - present
Executive Branch Publications
- Executive orders and presidential proclamations, 1789 - 1983 (complete), 1984 - 2014 (select)
- Executive branch documents (department and agency publications), 1789 - 1945
Locate articles from journals and magazines published by U.S. government agencies from 1988 to the present on issues relating to public policy, commerce, and science-based topics of general interest for both consumers and researchers. The index is updated quarterly and is searchable by subject, keyword, author, and title.
Indian Claims Insight allows users to research the history of U.S. Indian claims from 1789 to the present. Unique compiled docket histories provide legal researchers with the ability to quickly search the full text of all content related to each claim, which can be narrowed on-the-fly to pinpoint a topic. The compilation includes not only court documents, but also cited treaties, related congressional publications, and maps to facilitate the ability of researchers to fully understand the specifics of each case without leaving the docket history page.
The specific content in Indian Claims Insight is the following:
- Pre-1948: claims presented to Congress and/or brought before the Court of Claims
- 1948-1978: Indian Claims Commission materials, including briefs, docket books, decisions, expert testimony, and oral transcripts
- Post-1978: Claims brought before the U.S. Court of Claims (through 1982) and the U.S. Court of Federal Claims (through 2006); documents related to post-2006 settlement of claims; legislative histories and congressional publications directly related to Indian claims, including congressional publications indexed by docket numbers; relevant U.S. Supreme Court decisions; and maps.
This collection includes over 27,000 compiled federal legislative histories, ranging from the 1st Congress (1789 - 1791) to the current 114th Congress (2015 - 2016). It contains fully searchable PDFs of congressional publications related to select legislation, including public laws, all versions of related bills, excerpts of the Congressional Record, committee reports, committee hearing transcripts, committee prints, presidential signing statements, and Congressional Research Service (CRS) reports.
ProQuest Regulatory Insight contains thousands of compiled federal administrative law (regulatory) histories. Included in the compiled histories are original PDF and HTML versions of notices, proposed rules, final rules, and presidential documents from all issues of the Federal Register, and the codified versions of such documents in all volumes of the Code of Federal Regulations.
Among the features of the Regulatory Insight interface are (1) controlled vocabulary subject indexing harmonized with ProQuest Legislative Insight; (2) the ability of researchers to limit compilation display to Notices, Proposed Rules, or Final Rules, and by agency and sub-agency; and (3) agency/sub-agency history pages allowing easy retrieval of rules related to a specific department, agency, or sub-agency.
The "Advanced Search" allows for searching of compiled histories by full text, agency, popular name, and subject, and "Search By Number" allows for searching by Federal Register citation, Code of Federal Regulations citation, Public Law number, U.S. Statutes at Large citation, U.S. Code citation, agency docket number, and Regulation Identifier Number (RIN).
The coverage dates in Regulatory Insight are evolving; please click on the Search Guide below, and look in the "Product Coverage" box, for current information.
The ProQuest Statistical Abstract of the U.S. is a comprehensive summary of statistics on the social, political, and economic conditions of the United States. This online version currently covers 1929 to the present, and includes monthly updates to tables, deep searching at the line-item level, facets for narrowing search results, image and spreadsheet versions of all current and historical tables, and links to provider sites.
Allows searching of indexes and abstracts of statistical information compiled and published by the U.S. government from 1973, state and private sources from 1980, and international organizations from 1983. Full text content is available for some materials, including PDF images of all statistical documents indexed by the American Statistics Index since 2003.
ProQuest Supreme Court Insight holds U.S. Supreme Court opinions, dockets, oral arguments, merit and amicus briefs, and joint appendices, selectively covering 1975 to 2016.
- Content associated with each case is compiled on a dynamic page organized to facilitate understanding of the judicial process, such as the differences between the petition and merit stages. Content is also retrievable on a document by document basis.
- Harmonized subject indexing facilitates the ability of researchers to access specific cases and groups of cases.
- Organization indexing facilitates the ability of users to locate specific briefs or retrieve all briefs submitted by a single organization.
For records and briefs prior to 1975, see Supreme Court Records & Briefs, 1832-1978.
This HeinOnline collection contains the current, revised, and historical statutes for Alberta, British Columbia, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Ontario.
Revised and historical statutes (only) are available for Manitoba, Newfoundland and Labrador, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan.
A collection of full text articles from psychology journals published by the American Psychological Association, the APA Educational Publishing Foundation, the Canadian Psychological Association, and Hogrefe Publishing Group.
Indexes the professional and academic literature in psychology and related disciplines from 1806 - present. PsycINFO covers journal articles in a variety of languages, as well as book chapters and books published in English.
Indexes biomedical and life science articles. Coverage typically extends back to 1950 but varies by title.
An index of over 300 periodicals published in 29 African countries since 1991.
Indexes articles covering all fields of Jewish studies that have been published in Hebrew, Yiddish, and European languages since 1966.
Ravel Advanced is a case research and analytics tool that covers the decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court, the federal circuit and district courts, and various state courts. Faculty and students of the College of Law may register for a free educational account by visiting the Ravel homepage, clicking on "Plans" at the top of the screen, and then on "Request an Educational Account."
This collection documents the efforts of district attorneys from southern states to uphold federal laws in the states that fought in the Confederacy or were Border States. This publication includes their correspondence with the attorney general as well all other letters received by the attorney general from the states in question during 1871-1884, including the correspondence of marshals, judges, convicts, and concerned or aggrieved citizens.
Allows the public to search for and review proposed and final rules from nearly 300 U.S. federal agencies as well as submit and read comments on proposed rules.
This collections currently includes more than 1,600 titles and 800,000 pages of books, periodicals, bibliographies on the development, history, and organization of various world religions. Among the subjects covered are Canon Law, Jewish Law, the history of church and state, the Reformation period, religious freedom, and the Bible in public schools.
Notable titles in the collection include: Canon Law Studies, The Catholic University of America, 1916-1966 (523 volumes); State Religious Freedom Restoration Acts: A Compilation of Enacted and Proposed Legislation; and all publications of the Christian Legal Society.
The Francophone Network of Legal Diffusion, also known as RF2D, is an ongoing project in the French language. It covers the Francophone countries of sub-Saharan Africa, plus France. Coverage is currently limited to general information about legal systems and, to some extent, access to the laws of the various countries. Eventually, French language coverage of these countries’ jurisprudence, constitutions, and legislation (elections; real property; labor; investments) will be included as well. Réseau Francophone de Diffusion du Droit is part of the wider network of resources sponsored by la Francophonie.
The Revised Statutes of Canada provide complete coverage of the six revisions (1886, 1906, 1927, 1952, 1970, and 1985) of the federal laws of Canada passed by the Canadian Parliament, from the first revision in 1886 to the last in 1985. This set is the consolidation of the Statutes of Canada incorporating amendments and Acts that have been added since the last revision. Canadian laws passed since the last revision through 2011 are available in the Session Laws Library on HeinOnline.
A digital archive of legal texts published from 1840 through 1970, including more than 1,700 out-of-print secondary law volumes. Provides access to the original editions of national and state legal encyclopedias including AmJur and Florida Jurisprudence; treatises such as Pomeroy's Equity and Jurisprudence and Bogart's Law of Trust and Trustees; and a variety of commentaries and legal histories. International materials, dictionaries, casebooks, and other instructional resources are also included in the collection.
Access the collection by logging into WestlawNext and then typing "Rise of American Law" into the search box just under the WestlawNext banner.
The Stair Society promotes knowledge of Scottish legal history by publishing original documents and reprinting significant historical works. This digitized collection provides searchable access to PDF images of the Stair Society Main (Annual) Series since its inception in 1936 as well as the society's three volume Supplementary Series. It also includes such works as the Collection and Abridgement of Celebrated Criminal Trials in Scotland, from A. D. 1536 to 1784; Ecclesiastical Records of England, Ireland, and Scotland, from the Fifth Century Till the Reformation; and Lord Chancellors of Scotland from the Institution of the Office to the Treaty of Union.
This full text database provides searchable, PDF images of all key civil and criminal appellate decisions from the Court of Session and High Court of Justiciary in Scotland as well as selected cases decided at first instance and all Scottish appeals to the Privy Council and the House of Lords. The database includes Shaw's Session Cases from 1821 to 1837, Dunlop's from 1838 to 1861, and Macpherson's from 1862 to 1872. The Session Cases are also available in print at Law Library KDC 116 .S38. Online coverage is continued in the SESSION-RPTS database in Westlaw and the SESCAS database in Lexis.
This database indexes all Year Books, the law reports of medieval England, for 1268 through 1535 (over 22,000 reports), with paraphrasing for all reports from 1399 through 1535 (over 6,900 reports). The Year Books are the principle source materials for the development of legal doctrines, concepts, and methods for the period during which English common law developed into recognizable form.
David J. Seipp, Professor of Law at Boston University, is the compiler of the database, and his work is supported by The Ames Foundation of Harvard Law School.
Provides full text access to the Selden Society's Annual Series, which publishes common law source materials including law reports dating back to the Middle Ages (also known as the Year Book series), plea rolls, court records, selected leading cases, and more. Also includes the full text of the Selden Society's Supplementary Series commenced in 1965, the English Reports Full Reprint, 1220-1865 (Vols. 1-176, 1694-1867), and the Statutes of the Realm (Vols. 1-11, 1235-1713).
Includes the session laws of all 50 U.S. states, as well as the Canadian and Australian Acts of Parliament. Also contains the U.S. Statutes at Large back to 1789.
This is the electronic version of the Wenyuange edition of Siku Quanshu. It features a collection of 3,460 Chinese classical works on philosophy, history, literature and art, political systems, social studies, economics, astronomy and geography, mathematics, medical studies, and technology. As the largest encyclopedic collection of Chinese classical works, it is the single richest source for Chinese studies.
Justis provides access to the Singapore Law Reports, a case reporter published by the Singapore Academy of Law, which includes all significant decisions from the Singapore Court of Appeal and High Court, the Constitutional Tribunal, and the Council of Law Reporting from 1965 to the present. Justis also includes access to the Singapore Academy of Law Journal and the Singapore Academy of Law Annual Review.
In addition to the standard primary sources one would expect - newspaper collections and books published in the antebellum era, for example - SAS includes a broad selection of documents from several different archives. Includes Parts I-IV.
Archive of primary sources related to slavery in the United States, including state slavery statutes from 1789 - 1865, petitions to state legislatures and county courts, and judicial cases. This collection includes scholarly works on slavery: Judicial Cases Concerning American Slavery and the Negro (1926) by Helen Tunnicliff Catterall and James John Hayden and The Law of Freedom and Bondage in the United States (1862) by John Codman Hurd.
This HeinOnline collection brings together a multitude of legal materials on slavery in the United States and the English-speaking world. This includes every statute passed by every colony and state on slavery, every federal statute dealing with slavery, and all reported state and federal cases on slavery.
Included in the collection are hundreds of pamphlets and books written about slavery, and legal commentaries held in obscure, hard-to-find journals in the U.S. and elsewhere.
Provides access to thousands of original manuscripts, pamphlets, books, paintings, and maps with extensive coverage of the African coast, the Middle Passage, the varieties of slave experience, religion, revolts, the Underground Railroad, the abolition movement, legislation, and slavery today. Researchers can search against the full text of all printed items in the collection and all manuscripts have document level indexing to facilitate research.
SSCI is a multidisciplinary index to the journal literature of the social sciences, 1898 - present. Includes some full text. Part of the ISI Web of Knowledge database.
Indexes and abstracts current research in social work, human services, and related areas including social welfare, social policy, and community development. Major areas of coverage include community and mental health services; crisis intervention; the family and social welfare; gerontology; poverty and homelessness; support groups/networks; violence, abuse and neglect; and welfare services. Coverage extends back to 1979.
Indexes and abstracts journal articles, book reviews, books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences from 1952 to the present.
A collection of basic legal documents on space law for use in the formulation, implementation, and operation of space law and policy. It includes international conventions and domestic legislation from various countries. After accessing the title, click on "content" to access full-text PDF images.
This collection collects hundreds of reference works and tools for law librarians into one central database. The reference shelf includes more than 100 legal dictionaries from the 15th to the 21st centuries, the Bibliography of Early American Law, more than 75 bibliographies, more than 75 state bibliographies, the AALL Publication Series and runs of law library serials, including AALL Spectrum, American Association of Law Libraries Newsletter, Canadian Association of Law Libraries Newsletter-Bulletin and Trends in Law Library Management. The collection also includes links to nearly 300 relevant law review articles that discuss various aspects of legal education and law librarianship.
SSRN provides access to new scholarship and working papers in law, negotiation, political science, economics, accounting, finance, marketing, corporate governance, etc. Users must complete a free registration in order to access the full-text versions of articles.
This collection includes access to the State Attorney General Reports and Opinions for all fifty states as well as Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Also includes access to the Opinions of the Office of Legal Counsel of the United States Department of Justice and the Official Opinions of the Attorneys General of the United States. Years of coverage vary.
State Papers Online, 1509 - 1782 is a collection of English government documents originating from the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries - when the King or Queen acted as Prime Minister as well as Monarch. The papers feature the office archives and correspondence of the secretaries of state serving the Monarch as facsimile manuscript documents accessed directly or via the fully searchable Calendar entries (abstracts or transcriptions).
The current University of Iowa holdings in State Papers Online are the following:
- State Papers Online, 1509-1714
- Part I, The Tudors, Henry VIII to Elizabeth I, 1509-1603: State Papers Domestic
- Part II, The Tudors, Henry VIII to Elizabeth I, 1509-1603: State Papers Foreign, Ireland, Scotland, Borders and Acts of Privy Council
- Part III, The Stuarts, James I to Anne, 1603-1714: State Papers Domestic
- Part IV, The Stuarts, James I to Anne, 1603-1714: State Papers Foreign, Ireland, and Registers of the Privy Council
- State Papers Online, Eighteenth Century, 1714-1782
- Part I: State Papers Domestic, Military, Naval and the Registers of the Privy Council
This collection includes historical superseded state statutes for all fifty states. Coverage varies depending on jurisdiction, but dates as far back as 1717. This collection does not include current state statutes.
Contains PDF images of over seven centuries of higher criminal jurisprudence covering English trials relating to offences against the State or trials illustrative of the law relating to State Officers. The offence in most cases is high treason but bigamy, sedition, seditious libel, murder involving high-ranking officials or peers, riot, piracy, witchcraft, bribery, and corruption are also covered. The collection comprises Howell's/Cobbett's State Trials, 1163 - 1822; the New Series (Macdonell's), 1822 - 1858; and additional material sourced from National Collections and the English (Nominate) Reports.
This provides digitized images of an abridgement of Year Book cases through the reign of Henry VI (last date 1461) is traditionally attributed to Nicholas Statham, a lawyer of the mid–fifteenth century about whom little is known.
The database is hosted by The Ames Foundation of Harvard Law School.
This annual publication of the U.S. government provides statistics on the cultural, social, political, and economic aspects of the country. The site provides a search engine for the current edition but prior editions, which are available in PDF format back to 1878, must be browsed. A subject index is available at the back of each edition.
Offers full text access to the Statutes of Namibia updated through September 2009. Also provides access to repealed acts, ordinances from 1952-1976, regulations from 1951-2008, and repealed regulations. To search the collection, use the "choose search form" drop down menu at the top of the screen.
Offers full text access to the revised statutes of 1996 and the updates to the revised statutes consolidating changes through July 2002. This collection also provides access to selected regulations, statutory instruments, and reportable Supreme Court decisions. To search the collection, use the "choose search form" drop down menu at the top of the screen.
This ProQuest database is a collection of archival records from three women's rights organizations: the National Woman's Party, the League of Women Voters, and the Women's Action Alliance. These records include correspondence, meeting minutes, financial records, legal papers, printed materials, transcripts and records of national conventions, boards of directors' papers, and many other types of documents, including photographs.
This database contains more than 160 study aids covering subjects across the law school curriculum, and beyond. The collection includes the “Understanding” series of hornbooks, the “Skills and Values” series, the “Mastering” series, and the “Q&A” series, all of which are in e-book format. The LexisNexis Digital Library may be accessed from the Law Library electronic resources page; when you click on the link, you will be prompted to enter your HawkID and password. The LexisNexis Digital Library allows you to place borrowed books in folders online, bookmark pages, highlight passages, and add notes to all sources. The database is accessible via law school computers, as well as off-campus computers, and mobile devices.
To access additional study aids, search Study Aids for Law Students – West Academic
This database contains more than 500 study aids covering subjects across the law school curriculum, and beyond. The collection includes Hornbooks, Concise Hornbooks, Nutshells, Gilbert Law Summaries, Blackletter Outlines, Quick Reviews, and Flashcards, as well as exam prep titles. By creating an account, one may bookmark pages, highlight passages, and add notes to all sources, across all devices, with the exception of Flashcards. The database is accessible via law school computers, as well as off-campus computers and mobile devices. To create an account, law users should click the database link and look for "Create an Account" in the upper right-hand corner.
To access additional study aids, search Study Aids for Law Students - LexisNexis Digital Library
An annotated bibliography of articles, books, government publications, looseleaf services, court opinions, and websites that compare state laws on hundreds of subjects.
Archival collection of the weekly newspaper The Sunday Times. Completely separate from the Times of London, The Sunday Times is known for its investigative journalism, commentary, and analysis of news and society.
Digital archive of records and briefs brought before the U.S. Supreme Court from 1832 to 1978. Enables full text searching of 350,000 documents from 150,000 cases.
For records and briefs from 1975 to 2016, go to ProQuest Supreme Court Insight.
Published on behalf of the Government of Tanzania, the Tanzania Law Reports contains judgments from the High Courts of Tanzania and Zanzibar and the Appeal Court of Tanzania, from the period 1983 to 1997. Also included are a list of reported cases, a full digest of cases reported, East African cases judicially considered, foreign cases judicially considered, legislation judicially considered and words and phrases judicially considered. This publication is currently updated to 1997.
The Tax & Accounting Center includes the Tax Management Portfolios, which contain in-depth analysis of the taxation of individual and business income in the U.S. from domestic and foreign sources, as well as the taxation of estates, gifts, and trusts. The analysis is supported by citations to primary authority and features clarifying examples and practice aids including checklists and sample documents. This resource center also includes the current and archival copies of the Internal Revenue Code, agency documents, and federal tax cases. Access secondary materials including practice tools, tax forms, the Daily Tax Report, and other news sources.
The collection provides access to the complete archive of the Tax Foundation's publications, which contain information on taxation, fiscal policy, finance, and more. Among the holdings are the Institute for Research on the Economics of Taxation (IRET) publications, Tax Watch, and Facts & Figures on Government Finance. Browse by publication, title, or subject, or search via the HeinOnline interface.
Provides English language translations of tax laws and regulations from countries around the world. This resource is available through the Checkpoint RIA interface; click on "Table of Contents" and choose "International Tax Library."
The Tax Notes Research Platform provides access to tax-related analytical sources covering U.S. federal and state tax issues, as well as foreign and international tax issues. The database includes access to Tax Notes, the magazine, as well as State Tax Notes, Tax Notes International, and Exempt Organization Tax Review. It also includes full-text tax cases, statutes, regulations, and other primary sources. Access is restricted to College of Law faculty, students, and staff; please see the access instructions below.*
The following Tax Notes publications are included on the platform (available at the orange "Publications" link at the top-right of the main page after you sign in),
- Tax Notes, the magazine
- State Tax Notes
- Tax Notes International
- Exempt Organization Tax Review
- Tax Notes Today
- State Tax Today
- Worldwide Tax Daily
- BEPS Expert (focusing on base erosion and profit shifting and the activities of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD))
- FACTA Expert (focusing on the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act of 2010)
- Transfer Pricing Expert
- Exempt Organizations (a daily version of Exempt Organization Tax Review)
Basic and advanced searching across the entire platform may be performed by clicking on the magnifying glass at the top-right of each page.
*Tax Notes may be accessed by University of Iowa College of Law faculty, students, and staff by creating an account within Tax Notes using the following directions:
- For registration only: students must use a library computer in the Law Library to create an account. Law faculty and staff may use their office computers in BLB. (wireless devices may not be used for registration purposes)
- Go to https://www.taxnotes.com and click "Sign In" at the top-right of the page.
- At the "Sign In" page, enter the @uiowa.edu e-mail address associated with a member of the College of Law community.
- After clicking "Next," click on the "Register Here" link under "New University of Iowa Law Lib User?."
- Fill out the short registration form, and then click "Save Changes."
- Upon automatically returning to the Tax Notes main page, sign in with the registered @uiowa.edu address and the chosen password.
Once a personal account has been created, wireless devices may be used to access the Tax Notes Research Platform.
This HeinOnline Library provides access to over 900 volumes and one million pages of tax and economic reform legislative history documents. It includes the 146 volume Carlton Fox collection covering internal revenue laws from 1909 - 1950. You can search or browse the materials in numerous ways including by the title of the act, the bill number, and the public law number.
Contains full text, PDF images of legislative histories, treatises, books, rules, and other publications relating to the history and development of bankruptcy law in the United States. The collection includes Collier on Bankruptcy (1st-12th editions); Gould and Blakemore's Bankruptcy Act of 1898, Annotated and Explained; Bankruptcy Reform: The Legislative History of the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2005; and much more.
This digital collection compiles over 60,000 primary document sources dealing with the debate over the ratification of the U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights between 1787 and 1791. It includes convention and legislative records, private papers, newspapers, broadsides, and pamphlets and provides access to the full text of these materials in both HTML and PDF. Users can access materials by browsing or searching.
John Marshall was the longest-serving chief justice on the U.S. Supreme Court and arguably the most influential. This digital edition of Marshall’s papers presents the complete contents in a fully searchable online environment. For students and scholars of law and history, this is a powerful and accessible way to study the legacy of the “Great Chief Justice.”
A fully searchable edition of the largest body of texts detailing the lives of non-elite people ever published, containing 197,745 criminal trials held at London's central criminal court.
Users may register a username and password to access an individual "Workspace," where one can save documents, with the ability to annotate them and organize them into folders and export the information. Registering also enables users to use the "Corrections" facility within the site.
The database is hosted by the Humanties Research Institute at The University of Sheffield.
A major contributor to the Federalist Papers, negotiator of the controversial 1794 Jay Treaty, and a two-term governor of New York, John Jay is remembered above all as the first chief justice of the Supreme Court. Fully annotated and searchable, this XML-based archive of Jay’s papers will eventually include seven volumes of documents that, by and large, have been previously unavailable for study.
A web-based research tool for tax and accounting information. Contents include the Federal Tax Coordinator, U.S. Tax Reporter, Worldwide Tax Laws, Worldwide Commercial Laws, and Corporation and Partnership Tax Return Guide. To save searches or organize research into folders, click here using a computer in the Boyd Law Building and create a personal account.
A digitized collection of The Times (London) covering 1785 - 2008. Keyword searching and term highlighting within results allow users to retrieve full facsimile images of either a specific article or a complete page. The entire newspaper is captured, including all articles, advertisements, and illustrations/photos, which are divided into categories to facilitate searching.
TRACFED is a subscription service providing access to the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), a data gathering, data research and data distribution organization at Syracuse University. TRACFED provides statistical data drawn from public records, FOIA requests, and other sources related to the operation of government.
The International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) Trade Finance Channel is a database of news, official opinions of the ICC Banking Commission, DOCDEX Decisions, ICC Trade Finance Rules, DC Insight (a trade finance and banking magazine), legal case summaries, ICC Policy Statements, International Standard Banking Practice, and more. This resource is restricted to use in the Law Library - please see a Reference Librarian for access.
Permits searchable, full text access to a wide variety of World Trade Organization (WTO) information including: panel reports; annotated texts of the six principal WTO agreements; procedural documents for disputes; dispute board minutes; WTO and General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) jurisprudence, agreements, and instruments; and GATT Uruguay Round negotiating history documents.
TDM Journal is a "comprehensive and innovative information service on the management of international disputes, with a focus on the rapidly evolving area of investment arbitration, but also in other significant areas of international investment (such as oil, gas, energy, infrastructure, mining, utilities etc.). It deals both with formal adjudicatory procedures (mainly investment and commercial arbitration), but also mediation/ADR methods, negotiation and managerial ways to manage transnational disputes efficiently."
TDM Journal includes laws, regulations, contracts, guidelines, and tribunal/court awards, as well as authoritative "soft" regulatory materials - voluntary codes, guidelines, standards, resolutions and declarations. It also includes an extensive series of concise abstracts; most abstracts contain hyperlinks to more extensive and full articles, notes, comments and primary law, written by expert lawyers and specialists. Each issue can be downloaded as a pdf-file from the website.
Provides full text access to published and unpublished treaties drawn from: the Statutes at Large; United States Treaties and Other International Agreements (UST); Treaties and International Act Series (TIAS); KAV Agreements; Indian Affairs, Laws, and Treaties; International Legal Materials; and more. This collection also contains related books and texts including the American Diplomatic Code and the Department of State Bulletin.
Contains digitized trial pamphlets that provide contemporary accounts of trials from 1600s to 1800s that involved prominent citizens or that dealt with especially controversial or lurid topics. Most include valuable information not available elsewhere, such as verbatim transcripts of testimony and arguments of counsel, depositions of parties, and illustrations or copies of evidence used in the trial. This digital collection was created by Cornell University Law Library.
Statutory instruments are generated under the authority of enabling Acts of Parliament and provide detailed regulations that have the force and effect of law. This full text collection contains statutory instruments from 1949 through the present; draft statutory instruments; and legislation published in the Statutory Rules & Orders and Statutory Instruments Revised to December 31, 1948, which includes regulations that date back as far as 1671.
Contains the official opinions of the Attorneys General of the United States as well as the opinions of the Office of Legal Counsel of the United States Department of Justice. Also included are the annual reports of the Attorney General.
Contents include the American State Papers, Journals of the Continental Congress, and the Congressional Record and its predecessor titles.
The U.S. Congressional Serial Set, 1817 - 1994, is a component of the Archive of Americana and includes reports, documents, and journals of the U.S. Congress.
Provides PDF access to full text decisions from selected federal agencies including the Decisions and Orders of the National Labor Relations Board (1935-Current), Federal Communications Commission Record (1986-Current), Internal Revenue Cumulative Bulletin (1919-Current), Nuclear Regulatory Commission Issuances (1975-2008), and Securities and Exchange Commission Decisions and Reports (1934 -2003). It also contains popular agency publications including the U.S. Sentencing Commission Guidelines, Principles of Federal Appropriations Law, Intelligence Community Legal Reference Book, Freedom of Information Act Guide, and Manual for Courts-Martial.
The "Sources of Compiled Legislative History Database" is a legislative history finding aid based on Nancy Johnson's award winning looseleaf title Sources of Compiled Legislative Histories. The "U.S. Federal Legislative History Title Collection" contains full text legislative histories on historically significant federal legislation.
Includes the Messages and Papers of the Presidents, Public Papers of the Presidents, CFR Title 3 (Presidents), Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents, and a variety of other titles related to U.S. Presidents.
This collection within ProQuest Congressional includes the entirety of the U.S. Congressional Serial Set, from 1817 through 2017, as well as the American State Papers, the Serial Set's predecessor publication, from 1789 through 1838.
The Serial Set contains House and Senate Committee Reports, House and Senate Documents, and all other Congressional papers printed by the U.S. Government Publishing Office. Documents in the Serial Set cover numerous topics, and may includes reports of executive departments and independent organizations, reports of special investigations made for Congress, and annual reports of non-governmental organizations. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the Serial Set also included executive branch materials.
The American State Papers is the predecessor to the Serial Set, and contains the legislative and executive documents of Congress divided into ten topical classes: Foreign Relations, Indian Affairs, Finances, Commerce and Navigation, Military Affairs, Naval Affairs, Post Office Department, Public Land, Claims, and Miscellaneous.
The Serial Set Maps collection contains high-resolution versions of maps, published in the Serial Set and the American State Papers and produced by agencies such as the U.S. Geological Survey and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, that primarily provide background for Congressional actions on boundaries, surveys, and other land management issues.
Provides complete coverage of the Statutes at Large back to 1789.
Contains complete coverage of the official U.S. Reports bound volumes as well as preliminary prints, slip opinions, and books and periodicals related to the U.S. Supreme Court.
The Audiovisual Library of International Law provides access to multimedia resources for current and historic international legal topics. This collection consists of the Historic Archives, Lecture Series, and Research Library. The Historic Archive includes audiovisual materials and documents related to the UN's founding at the end of World War II. The Lecture Series features lectures by world-renowned international legal scholars on a multitude of international legal topics. The Research Library provides access to international legal documentation, jurisprudence, and scholarship.
The United Nations Digital Library is a comprehensive platform for researchers interested in accessing UN information, both current and historical. It offers access to multilingual versions of UN documents, resolutions, Security Council documents and General Assembly Supplements. One may access maps, speeches, and voting data, as well as open access publications, and selected Economic Commission, Human Rights Bodies, Programs & Funds, and other UN entity documents. It includes full-text digital files, and full citations to non-digital files. The database is a service of the Dag Hammarskjöld Library and is updated daily.
Provides access to the official records of a series of diplomatic conferences convoked by the United Nations in order to negotiate and adopt several treaties based on drafts worked out by the International Law Commission and considered by the Sixth (Legal) Committee of the General Assembly. Among the conference topics included are the Law of the Sea, the Succession of States, and the International Criminal Court.
The guide describes the types of documents the General Assembly, Security Council, and Economic and Social Council issue and discusses how their numbering systems work, explains the symbols used in UN documentation, and describes UN produced indexes that can be used for research.
The United Nations iLibrary is a comprehensive global search, discovery, and viewing source for accessing publications, journals, data, and series published by the United Nations Secretariat, and its funds and programs. Topics include: Agriculture Rural Development and Forestry, Children and Youth, Democracy and Governance, Disarmament, Drugs, Crime and Terrorism, Economic and Social Development, Environment and Climate Change, Human Rights and Refugees, Human Settlements and Urban Issues, International Law and Justice, International Trade and Finance, Migration, Natural Resources, Water and Energy, Peacekeeping and Security, Population and Demography, Public Health, Transportation and Public Safety, United Nations, Women and Gender Issues.
United Nations International Law provides access to the major international tribunals, such as the International Court of Justice and the International Law Commission. It also provides access to international legal thematic issues, including: Codification and Progressive Development of International Law; Oceans and the Law of the Sea; Treaties; and Other Legal Areas (linking to various UN websites that have major or minor treatment of international legal issues). International legal research guides and bibliographies are also available.
Access major UN legal publications, including the complete collection of the United Nations Treaty Series, the monthly Statement of Treaties & International Agreements, the United Nations Legislative Series, UN Yearbooks and many more publications. The collection includes helpful finding aids, such as the ability to search for a treaty with the UNTS/LNTS citation, and a listing of International Agreements by Popular Name.
Indexes current treaties and international agreements registered or recorded with the UN Secretariat. Includes but is not limited to treaties and agreements published in the United Nations Treaty Series. The index does not include information on subsequent activities impacting the treaties. Available at Law Audiovisual CD-ROM 9
Among the materials included in this collection are: Status of Multilateral Treaties Deposited with the Secretary-General, which provides information on the status of over 500 major multilateral instruments; United Nations Treaty Series, containing treaties and agreements registered or filed between December 14, 1946 - January, 2005; League of Nations Treaty Series, containing the treaties published by the League of Nations between July 5, 1920 - October 3, 1944.
Provides details about the annual activities of the UN's organs, programs, and bodies. Summarizes resolutions, statements, and reports and provides references to related resources. This title is also accessible in print at JX1977.A37 Y4.
Summarizes federal and state court and administrative cases that establish new precedent, address new statutes, contribute to emerging legal doctrines, tackle controversies, or further splits in the Circuits. It also tracks every Supreme Court petition and case on the docket, from filing to final disposition. The Supreme Court Today component is a searchable database providing summaries of certiorari petitions filed since the 1995 October Term. The database also contains the full text of Supreme Court opinions, oral argument schedules, selected oral argument summaries, and annual reviews of the Court's decisions.
Ut per litteras apostolicas represents the electronic version of the series of registers and letters of the popes from the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, preserved in the Archivio Segreto Vaticano in Rome. The collection, edited since 1883 by the École française de Rome, and then in partnership with the CNRS, comprises today some eighty printed volumes.
This database includes detailed information on U.S. law firms and other companies such as rankings, reviews, operations, sales and marketing, geographic reach, financial performance, and competitors. Also included are tools for resume and cover letter writing, interviewing, and networking.
Vetus Latina contains every citation, listed by book, chapter and verse of the Bible. The citations (over 300,000) can be searched individually or as a whole, following the biblical structure. The result of a search is an image of the card file available in the Vetus Latina Institute.
Provides full text access to cases, legislative codes, books, journals, and other primary and secondary materials from countries around the world in the original language of publication. The service's embedded translation software produces automatic translations that provide guidance but do not produce reliable, official translations. The content is continuously updated and can be browsed or searched.
vLex Canada is a legal information database featuring Canadian case law, books, journals, digests and news.
Voxgov is a comprehensive tool providing access to unfiltered original source news, media, and information, direct from all three branches of the U.S. federal government.
The types of documents included in Voxgov are press releases; speeches; transcripts; columns; blogs; fact sheets; postings on Twitter, YouTube, and Facebook; and various versions of congressional and regulatory documents.
Voxgov also provides graphical analytics on the activities and publications associated with members of Congress.
Only members of the University of Iowa College of Law community may establish personal passwords to Westlaw. Please see the Law Library's Computing and Technology guide tab for Westlaw for more details.
Westlaw Gulf provides an array of English language legal resources and legal news reports. Westlaw Gulf includes: translated Dubai and Abu Dhabi cases; business laws of the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Qatar, and Lebanon; legislation from Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, and Saudi Arabia; Middle Eastern legal news and current events reporting. Coverage is current, with archival coverage varying by country and by type of legal materials. The interface supports US Westlaw's familiar natural language and terms and connectors searching.
Provides full text access to Canadian legal materials, including federal, provincial, and territorial, organized by primary sources, commentary, court documents, and finding tools. One may browse the content, search within content categories, or search across the entire database. Some of the popular materials available on WestlawNext Canada include: The Canadian Abridgment Digest, Legal Topics taxonomy, Case and Legislative Citators, Words & Phrases, and the Index to Canadian Legal Literature. WestlawNext Canada is restricted to University of Iowa College of Law users.
This database contains biographical information on over 1.5 million individuals, including thousands connected to the law profession, who have been selected for inclusion based on positions of leadership held at significant organizations, educational attainments, noteworthy achievements in creative works (writings, music, television, movies, etc.), significant publishing or public speaking experience, or contributions to the community. Many prominent individuals are researched by the Who's Who editorial staff, but others may be recommended by colleagues, family members, or through self-nomination, The database includes birth information, family, education and degree, career history, creative works, awards, military history, achievements, current memberships, interests/hobbies, and contact information. The database is updated daily by staff and through individuals contributing their own updates. One may search by name or by a combination of up to 15 criteria. The database covers from 1985 to present.
WIPO Lex is a search engine for the national laws and treaties on intellectual property (IP) for member nations of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), the World Trade Organization (WTO), and the United Nations (UN). It also covers IP-related treaties administered by various multilateral and regional organizations, as well as bilateral treaties which contain IP-relevant provisions.
The subject matter includes the core IP areas of copyright, patent, trademark, and trade secret law (undisclosed information), as well as domain names, genetic resources, geographical indications, industrial designs, layout designs of integrated circuits, plant variety protection, and utility models.
The bibliographic entries for legislation in WIPO Lex link to the text of related and superseded legislation, and to the text of regulations that carry out the directives in the legislation.
This comprehensive collection on witchcraft includes texts dating from 1500 through 1930, chiefly taken from the Cornell University Library. The majority of the material concerns the so-called "classic period" of the 16th to 18th centuries.
In addition to these classic texts, the collection includes:
- Anti-persecution writings
- Works by penologists
- Legal and church documents
- Exposes of persecutions
- Philosophical writings
- Transcripts of trials and exorcisms
The majority of texts are in Latin, English and German, although there are also selected items in French, Italian, Portuguese, Danish, Dutch and Spanish.
A collection of learning modules, each of which poses an interpretive question and provides a collection of documents that address the question. Each module contains fifteen to twenty documents drawn from the papers of women's reform organizations such as the Women's Trade Union League, the National Association of Colored Women, the National Consumers' League, and the National Woman's Party. Researchers can run keyword searches against the full text of documents or can browse the collections by author, subject, or social movement.
Women and the Law (Peggy) is a collection that brings together books, biographies and periodicals dedicated to women's roles in society and the law. This unique collection of materials provides a platform to research the progression of women's roles and rights in society over the past 200 years. Also included are more than 70 titles from Emory University Law School's Feminism and Legal Theory Project which provide a platform to view the effect of law and culture on the female gender.
Provides full text access to current and historical constitutions for more than 190 countries. It provides the original text in the original language, amending laws, consolidated texts, and English language translations. The collection also includes the World Fact Book back to 1981, the Modern Legal Systems Cyclopedia, the Country Studies Series from the U.S. Library of Congress, the British and Foreign State Papers from 1812 - 1968, the Annual Human Rights Reports submitted to Congress by the U.S. State Department back to 1976, more than 800 books on constitutional law, and links to scholarly articles and web resources on constitutional law and political development.
Researchers can search the full text of legal information resources hosted by a variety of Legal Information Institutes and organizations such as the Australasian Legal Information Institute; British and Irish Legal Information Institute; Canadian Legal Information Institute; Cornell's Legal Information Institute; Droit Francophone; Global Legal Information Network; Hong Kong Legal Information Institute; Pacific Islands Legal Information Institute; South African Legal Information Institute and more. The emphasis is on providing access to the court decisions and legislation of specific countries but some treaties and other international legal materials are also included.
WNC provides access to translated and English language news sources originating outside the U.S. Information is obtained from the full text and summaries of newspaper articles, conference proceedings, television and radio broadcasts, periodicals, and non-classified technical reports.
The World Treaty Library brings together works from Parry’s Consolidated Treaty Series, Rohn’s World Treaty Index, Dumont’s Corps Universel Diplomatique du Droit des Gens, Wiktor’s Multilateral Treaty Calendar, Martens’ Treaties, the League of Nations Treaty Series, the United Nations Treaty Series, and Hein's U.S. Treaties and Agreements collection, covering 1648 to the present. All together more than 160,000 treaty records have been identified.
Also included in the World Treaty Library are numerous treaty-related books (in PDF), an extensive bibliography of titles of importance to world treaty research, and easy access to the most-cited law review/journal articles on treaties.
All of the treaty records may be searched by keyword, title, subject, party, countries, treaty number, citation, source, treaty type, sign date, sign place, etc., and select treaty publications may be browsed.
Consists of trial transcripts, books that analyze and debate famous trials, and biographies of some of the greatest trial lawyers in history.
The freely accessible version of WorldCat on the Web. WorldCat.org lets you search the collections of local libraries and thousands more around the world.
Includes current trade news and subscription access to Dispute Settlement Commentaries (DSCs), in PDF, which provide summary and analysis for all World Trade Organization (WTO) reports and arbitrations.
The DSCs may be keyword searched and browsed, and are held in five distinct collections: DSCs for (1) All WTO Panel/Appellate Body Reports; (2) All WTO Arbitrations; (3) Selected GATT Panel and Working Party Reports; (4) Selected NAFTA Chapter 11 Tribunal Decisions and Awards; and (5) All NAFTA Chapter 20 Panel Reports.
Additional features include tables and statistics on WTO dispute settlement procedures and a detailed index on WTO case law.
Indexes and abstracts journals in political science and its complementary fields, including international relations, law, and public administration/policy. Coverage generally extends back to 1975, but may extend back to the 1920s for selected titles.
YearBooks, the law reports of medieval England, provide insight into the development of legal doctrines, concepts, and methods. The Law Library owns the Vulgate edition of the Year Books, which are located in the Oversize collection at KD194 1307 2007, as well as several Year Books in the Rare Books collection. This database is a finding aid that allows researchers to locate information within the printed Year Books based on a search for a party name, place, court, writ, etc.
Includes the full text of the Zambia Law Reports, along with chronological and alphabetical case listings, 1963 - 1997. To search the collection, use the "choose search form" drop down menu at the top of the screen.